The Spinal Nerve / Autonomic Nerve Connection – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

For ages, doctors of chiropractor have talked about how spinal joint dysfunction or subluxations affect the not only the motor and sensory nerve flow (and blood flow) to muscles but also to glands, viscera, skin, etc.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body. In the human body there are 31 pairs of spinal nerves from the cervical (the neck) to the coccyx (tailbone).

Autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system in organisms with spines that controls and regulates the internal organs without any conscious recognition or effort by that organism. The autonomic nervous system comprises two antagonistic sets of nerves, the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.

The sympathetic nervous system can accelerate heart rate, widen bronchial passages, decrease motility of the large intestine, constrict blood vessels, increase peristalsis in the esophagus, cause pupillary dilation, piloerection (goose bumps) and perspiration (sweating), and raise blood pressure. These changes are part of the body’s fight-or-flight response.

The sympathetic system begins at the first thoracic (mid back) vertebra of the spine and are thought to extend to the second or third lumbar (low back) vertebra

The parasympathetic nervous system has almost the exact opposite effect; the parasympathetic system is responsible for stimulation of “rest-and-digest” or “feed and breed” activities that occur when the body is at rest, especially after eating, including sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination,digestion and defecation.

The parasympathetic nervous includes some of the cranial nerves that originate in parts of the brain and specifically the oculomotor nerve, the facial nerve, the glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve and three spinal nerves in the sacrum (S2 – 4).

 So how are the spinal nerve and problems in nerve flow caused by spinal joint dysfunction connected?

It’s via the nerves called ramus communicans (plural rami communicantes) – a nerve which connects two other nerves.

It’s a communicating branch between a spinal nerve and the sympathetic trunk. More specifically, it usually refers to one of the following :  the grey ramus communicans and the white ramus communicans.

The grey and white rami communicantes are responsible for conveying autonomic signals, specifically for the sympathetic nervous system. The difference in coloration is caused by differences in myelination of the nerve fibres contained within, i.e. there are more myelinated than unmyelinated fibres in the white rami communicantes while the converse is true for the grey rami communicantes.

The grey rami communicantes exist at every level of the spinal cord and are responsible for carrying postganglionic nerve fibers from the paravertebral ganglia to their destination, and for carrying those preganglionic nerve fibres which enter the paravertebral ganglia but do not synapse

The white rami communicantes exist only at the levels of the spinal cord where the intermediolateral cell column is present (T1-L2) and are responsible for carrying preganglionic nerves fibers from the spinal cord to the paravertebral ganglia.

Both ramus within the spinal nerve cross each other, being the white farther away from the intervertebral foramen when exiting the spinal nerve to enter the ganglia.

Spinal joint dysfunction or subluxation affects the outflow of neuronal and blood flow to these ganglia. Correction of the spinal joint dysfunction normalizes the outflow of nerve and blood flow and allows the autonomic system to seek homeostasis (dynamic state of equilibrium) resulting in better function and health.

The Cervical & Vagus Nerve Connection?! – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

Advertisements

Fibromyalgia: Thoughts About It by a NYC Chiropractor / Applied Kinesiologist/ Neurokinetic Therapist/

Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and sensitivity to touch along with fatigue, problems with sleep and memory and brain fog, People diagnosed with fibromyalgia also often suffer from anxiety, chronic fatigue, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine and tension headaches, painful bladder disorder and TMJ (jaw pain).

According to the Mayo Clinic, “Fibromyalgia can’t be easily confirmed or ruled out through a simple laboratory test. You can’t detect it in your blood or see it on an X-ray. .Because there is no test for fibromyalgia, we must rely solely on your group of symptoms to make a diagnosis.” 

However other blood tests can be taken to rule out conditions like auto -immune, thyroid dysfunction, anemia, viral or bacterial infection, nutritional deficiencies  etc.

One of the first things I look at is the patient’s diet/lifestyle: are they eating processed foods, soda,etc.;drinking enough water;  have a history of medications or antibiotics; are they taking the wrong supplements (too little- too much); do they have  food allergies or intolerance?

It’s not a Food Allergy; maybe it’s a Food Intolerance

I would suspect a leaky gut syndrome and the need to change the person’s diet, test them for allergies/intolerance (igE/IgG)  and ileo-cecal problems and the need for prebiotics and probiotics and other supplements to help repair their gut.

A NYC Applied Kinesiologist on Your Ileo-Cecal Valve (& Houston’s) & Your Health

The Correct Use of Muscle Testing in Nutritional Evaluation in Applied Kinesiology

As a Applied Kinesiologist, I test for the function of individual muscles. Are they weak or strong.? The questions to be asked are: why is the muscle weak? Is the muscle on the other side hypertonic or “too stronger.”

As a NKT practitioner, I ask “Is there a dysfunction in the coordination of muscles working in patterns?” I would identify muscle imbalances by using muscle testing to determine what muscles are inhibited and what muscles are compensating (facilitating)for them.

Are these factors causing the muscles to be sensitive to touch?

Is there a problem with the vascular or lymphatic drainage of that muscle?

 I might use neuro-lymphatic , neuro-vascular points and acu-points to increase lymphatic, blood and chi energy to organs and muscles.

How an Applied Kinesiologist Uses Neuro Lymphatics to Improve Health

How a NYC Applied Kinesiologist Uses Neurovascular Pts for Better Physical and Emotional Wellbeing.

Using AK techniques, the flow of energy in the meridians to the organs and muscles can be evaluated and corrected if out of balance. Correction can be made by many methods of stimulation, such as electrical,  small tape patches with metal balls, or simply by mechanically stimulating certain spots.  There is usually an immediate improvement in muscle/organ function after meridian balancing.

 Is there a problem with the cranial-sacral system? The purpose of the movement of the cranial-sacral system  is to aid the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid throughout the central nervous system.

Some have suggested that CSF flow along the cranial nerves and spinal nerve roots allow it into the lymphatic channels. Restoring normal cranial-sacral rhythm enables the body to function optimally and may alleviate a wide variety of painful and dysfunctional conditions within the body.

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

Is the patients under chronic stress? Can I help this patient w/ stimulation of their adrenals or with certain supplements?

Is the patient using their diaphragm correctly to order to  get enough oxygen to their body? Stimulation of the diaphragm via spinal adustment and neuro-vasular/neuro-lymphatic/acu-points are done. Patient is taught how to use their diaphragm to get more oxygen into their system.

Can the patient tolerate gentle exercise like chi gong which is is a form of gentle exercise composed of movements that are repeated a number of times, often stretching the body, increasing fluid movement (blood, synovial and lymph) and building awareness of how the body moves through space.?

As a chiropractor, I can use non-force adjustments. It provides a gentle force into the spine of the patient through a very carefully directed and controlled pressure. This method is performed to be able to restore a stronger position and motion to fixated spinal joints taking pressure off the nerves exiting the spinal vertebrae which control the muscles and organs of the body.

These are some of the questions that need to addressed w/ the the complex problem of fibromyalgia; each patient is different and their needs must be addressed.

 

 

 © 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

Hyoid Bone – Its Importance – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

The hyoid bone  is a horseshoe-shaped bone located in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage  . At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible or lower jaw  in the front and the third cervical vertebrae(C3) behind.

Unlike other bones, the hyoid is not attached to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.

 

 

 It is located in the front, middle of the throat between the lower jaw and the larynx, which is also called the voice box. The hyoid bone is involved in several functions of the throat, including breathing, swallowing, and talking.

A hyoid bone dislocation occurs when this bone is moved from its normal position in the throat. Common causes of hyoid bone dislocations include car accidents, strangulation, and direct trauma to the neck including surgery for thyroid problems or other anterior neck problems

Symptoms of a dislocated hyoid bone include:  pain, especially when swallowing. difficulty swallowing and talking, swelling of the neck  and severe dislocations may cause difficulty breathing. Intubation for a surgical procedure that is not positioned correctly can affect the position of the hyoid.

The historical importance of the hyoid traces back to the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens for the origin of speech. Unlike in other mammals, the human hyoid bone works together with the tongue and the larynx to produce effective speech as it is responsible for the movement of many small muscles.  So an imbalance in the position of the hyoid and the muscles attachments to the tongue, larynx and pharynx .

One other observation with the hyoid bone is that it can act as one of the body’s gyroscopes; movement of the hyoid bone can affect movement throughout the body and vice versa.  Look at the above picture and imagine the change in position of the hyoid and the cervical (neck) spine if,  for example, there was a break in the rt. clavicle..destroying muscle control of all the muscles on the right. We know of cases from martial arts that some students have problems with their  balance after being kicked in their throats .

Look again at the attachment of muscles above the hyoid and how they attach to the bottom of the jaw  or mandible ; making the hyoid and its muscles part of an examination of TMJ (jaw) problems. 

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

As the TMJ is part of the skull and the the cranial bones are checked for alignment ,and we know that the stylohyoid ligament runs from the temporal lobe of the skull to the lesser cornua of the hyoid bone. 

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

 

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Addendum: July 21, 2018

New young patient who had flown it from Reno with pain on swallowing…saw my blog. and emailed me….a lot of ant neck muscles, clavicle and cranial adjustments . neck position – Full Ext Pitch and a cervical fixation/bilateral Gluteus Max weakness…I had him getting up down and drinking water in all the different neck positions that were bothering him until he got completely pain-free on swallowing in all range of motions of the neck
I usually enjoy my work but it was great fun !!

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

Seminar I’m Taking: How to Thrive in a Toxic World through Nutrition & Lifestyle

This coming June 5th I’ll be attending a seminar on Whole Detox: How to Thrive in a Toxic World through Nutrition & Lifestyle.

The term “ detoxification ” is widely debated and discussed within the clinical community. In this presentation, the scope of detoxification practices and the spectrum of offerings and their validity will be highlighted. A deeper dive into the recent scientific developments in this pivotal area of medicine will be featured from the angles of both biochemistry and genetic expression, with particular focus on (1) modulation of metabolic biotransformation through phase I and phase II enzyme induction or inhibition; (2) alkalinization; and (3) heavy metal metabolism . Special emphasis will be given to nutrition, nutrient actives, and botanicals for their influence in these pathways. Furthermore, the incorporation of lifestyle changes will be included as part of the detoxification discussion for a more well-rounded, whole picture, whole-self approach.

liver-detox1

Objectives:

• To understand the context of detoxification practices as they relate to health and disease, and their general view and acceptance in the medical arena

• To identify biochemical and genetic pathways involved in detoxification processes: ARE gene upregulation biotransformative enzyme induction or inhibition, alkalinization, and heavy metal metabolism

• To understand the role of nutrition, nutrient actives, and botanicals in modulating detoxification processes

• To learn the importance of addressing lifestyle modalities as part of the detoxification process.

For an article on why fasting on juices do not make an effective liver detox: https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2011/08/24/a-nyc-chiropractor-recommends-how-to-do-a-healthy-liver-detox/

Presenters are: Tricia Paulson, ND & Deanna Minich, PhD

Tricia Paulson, ND, is the founder of and primary physician at True Health Naturopathic Medicine. As an educator and speaker for the Wisconsin Chiropractic Association and Nutrition Dynamics, she has developed and implemented curricula in clinical nutrition, detoxification and gut restoration. FirstLine Therapy is the cornerstone of her functional medicine practice which specializes in the treatment of chronic lifestyle diseases through a patient-centered approach

Dr. Minich received her doctorate in Medical Sciences (Human Nutrition and Metabolism ) from the University of Groningen, The Netherlands, and her Master’s Degree in Human Nutrition and Metabolism from the University of Illinois at Chicago. She is a fellow of the American College of Nutrition, and a member of both the American College of Nutrition and the American Society for Nutrition Science. Dr. Minich has published over 15 articles in peer-reviewed, scientific journals, and has published three books on nutrition. At Metagenics, Dr. Minich has numerous responsibilities, including counseling patients using functional medicine protocols at the Functional Medicine Research Center®—the clinical research arm of Metagenics.

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

 

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

Bursitis: How a NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapist Treats It.

First, what is a bursa (bursae)? A bursa is any small pouch or sac between tendons, muscles or bony joints at points of friction or stress which contains a very slippery synovial fluid which allows the two sides of the sac to slide freely. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synovial_bursa

The term “bursitis” is a combination of “bursa” and “itis,” a word termination meaning inflammation of the bursa. Bursitis is an inflammation of the lubricating membrane. The classic signs of inflammation are pain, heat, redness and swelling.

The most common bursae sites involved in bursitis are at the shoulder, elbow, hip joint, knee and heel.

Here’s an image of the shoulder bursa:

bursitis_shoulder

Bursitis can be caused by trauma, infection or crystal deposits. Trauma is the most common type; it usually develops from mechanical stress due to overuse, direct injury or muscle/joint misalignment.

Bursitis caused by trauma is usually what a doctor of chiropractic who uses applied kinesiology and neurokinetic therapy will see so I will confine my discussion to that type.

Repetitive activities as in sports or washing a floor on your knees are examples of overuse. Falling or hitting a joint can cause inflammation to the bursa.

Muscle/joint misalignment is often an overlooked but very common cause of bursitis; joints depend on the contraction of certain muscles that move the joint in the desired direction and the relaxation of opposing muscles.

Improper contraction or using the wrong set of muscles or the joint not being in the correct position to allow the correct contraction can cause a misalignment problem and stress the bursa and cause inflammation.

When a patient comes in with a bursitis problem, one of the first things that I do is test the surrounding muscles for any weaknesses or spasms as a muscle imbalance will affect the joint and the bursa.

In the case of shoulder bursitis, I ask  is there a dysfunction in the coordination of muscles working in patterns. Is the biceps or pectoralis major or trapezius   compensating (facilitating)  for weak or inhibited muscles like the deltoid or rotator cuff muscles , for example. or vice versa. Muscle imbalance can cause uneven pull or  misalignment of the joints that surround the bursa; causing inflammation of the bursa.

Weak muscles are strengthened and muscle spasms or compensating muscles are relaxed via spindle and golgi tendon work. Blood flow to the muscles is improved by working on neuro-vascular points and lymphatic flow.

The joint alignment is checked and any misalignment is corrected by adjustment of the joint.
For information on specific techniques, please read:

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https:/e patient./drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2014/08/09/the-use-of-applied-kinesiology-in-a-chiropractic-examination/.  

http://neurokinetictherapy.com/what-is-neurokinetic-therapy

Adequate nutrition for repair and health of the bursa is discussed with the patient.

Sometimes chronic systemic inflammation in a patient requires improving the gut digestion as this can affect one’s joint.

Applications of ice decreases swelling and use of wet heat increases blood and lymph flow to promote healing.

Lifestyle changes are recommended; for example if one has to kneel for work, heel pads are suggested. And proper stretching and exercises are recommended to support the joint and the muscles crossing the bursa.

© 2015-Dr. Vittoria Repetto/revised – 2016

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

Rotator Cuff Syndrome: How a NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NKT Practitioner Treats It

Symptoms of a Rotator Cuff Syndrome are pain and tenderness in the area of the shoulder and the scapula (shoulder blade) and the involved muscles and loss of movement in these joints. Sometimes the clavicle is involved also.

The primary muscles involved are the SITS muscles; supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor and the subscapularis.

rotatorcuff

The secondary muscles of shoulder movement include (but not limited to) the latissmus dorsi, the rhomboid, the triceps, the trapezius, the pectoralis major (claviclar and sternal), the biceps and the deltoid.

The first thing that I do in my treatment of this problem is checking for problems in the tone are the above mentioned muscles; the muscles can be either hypo (too little) or hyper (too much). The spindle and golgi tendons are tested for involvement and adjusted according to what is needed. Please see https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

The neuro-vascular points for the muscles involved are worked on to improve blood flow to these muscles and the neuro-lymphatic points are also worked on to improve lymphatic flow which helps drains toxics from the muscle and increase fluid flow to the muscles. Please check out https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2011/02/16/how-an-applied-kinesiologist-uses-neuro-lympathics-to-improve-health/

I also check with neuro kinetic therapy to identify  muscle imbalances by using muscle testing to determine what muscles are inhibited and what muscles are compensating for them.  https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/20/a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-starts-adding-neuro-kinetic-therapy-to-the-mix/

Then the shoulder joint, scapula and clavicle are checked for proper alignment and adjusted where needed.

Nerve flow to these muscles and joints is maximized by getting movement to the vertebrae areas of the lower cervical and upper thoracic https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/07/17/the-subluxationspinal-joint-dysfunction/

Proper nutrition and exercises for joint/ muscle movement/repair are given.

 

 

© 2014-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

© Revised – 2016 -Dr Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

Dr. Vittoria Repetto Selected as a Top Chiropractor in NYC

Yesterday I received a letter stating that I had been selected as a Top Chiropractor in NYC by the International Associaton of Chiropractors (IAC) and I would be spotlighted in the renowned publication The Leading Physicans of the World.

The IAC highlights and profiles the world’s Top Chiropractors. The Association has been designed to spotlight physicans that have demonstated success and leadership in their profession.

© 2014-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice at 455 W 23rd St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

 And please check out the Patient Testimonials at the “Our Practice” page at the web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? Follow me at http://www.facebook.com/pages/London-Terrace-Chiropractic-Applied-Kinesiology/109622855768202
Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

NOTE: Any ads not related to Dr. Vittoria Repetto that appear below this blog are not authorizied by Dr. Repetto.