Hyoid Bone – Its Importance – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

The hyoid bone  is a horseshoe-shaped bone located in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage  . At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible or lower jaw  in the front and the third cervical vertebrae(C3) behind.

Unlike other bones, the hyoid is not attached to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.

 

 

 It is located in the front, middle of the throat between the lower jaw and the larynx, which is also called the voice box. The hyoid bone is involved in several functions of the throat, including breathing, swallowing, and talking.

A hyoid bone dislocation occurs when this bone is moved from its normal position in the throat. Common causes of hyoid bone dislocations include car accidents, strangulation, and direct trauma to the neck including surgery for thyroid problems or other anterior neck problems

Symptoms of a dislocated hyoid bone include:  pain, especially when swallowing. difficulty swallowing and talking, swelling of the neck  and severe dislocations may cause difficulty breathing. Intubation for a surgical procedure that is not positioned correctly can affect the position of the hyoid.

The historical importance of the hyoid traces back to the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens for the origin of speech. Unlike in other mammals, the human hyoid bone works together with the tongue and the larynx to produce effective speech as it is responsible for the movement of many small muscles.  So an imbalance in the position of the hyoid and the muscles attachments to the tongue, larynx and pharynx .

One other observation with the hyoid bone is that it can act as one of the body’s gyroscopes; movement of the hyoid bone can affect movement throughout the body and vice versa.  Look at the above picture and imagine the change in position of the hyoid and the cervical (neck) spine if,  for example, there was a break in the rt. clavicle..destroying muscle control of all the muscles on the right. We know of cases from martial arts that some students have problems with their  balance after being kicked in their throats .

Look again at the attachment of muscles above the hyoid and how they attach to the bottom of the jaw  or mandible ; making the hyoid and its muscles part of an examination of TMJ (jaw) problems. 

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

As the TMJ is part of the skull and the the cranial bones are checked for alignment ,and we know that the stylohyoid ligament runs from the temporal lobe of the skull to the lesser cornua of the hyoid bone. 

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

 

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Addendum: July 21, 2018

New young patient who had flown it from Reno with pain on swallowing…saw my blog. and emailed me….a lot of ant neck muscles, clavicle and cranial adjustments . neck position – Full Ext Pitch and a cervical fixation/bilateral Gluteus Max weakness…I had him getting up down and drinking water in all the different neck positions that were bothering him until he got completely pain-free on swallowing in all range of motions of the neck
I usually enjoy my work but it was great fun !!

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Cervical Radiculitis – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains What It Is & How She Treats It

Cervical radiculitis is when there is damage to the nerve roots of the cervical spine (C4 to T1) causing pain and loss of sensation or muscle weakness  or numbness along the pathway of the peculiar nerve into the shoulder or arm or hand or chest depending on which nerve root pathway is involved.

These pathways are also called dermatomes; see below.

 

Damage to cervical nerve roots occasionally due to some abnormality or defect in the cervical spine resulting in compression of the nerve roots. Some of the abnormalities that cause nerve root impingement at the vertebrae level are disc herniation, disc bulging , formation of bone spurs and a condition called spondylolisthesis  where one vertebra slips forward onto the below vertebra.

Other causes of disc/nerve root compression may be persistent  subluxation of vertebrae or fixation of a group of vertebra. These can be a result of poor posture or an injury such as head trauma or whiplash.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

Adding to these problems is the imbalance of surrounding musclature ; for example it is common to find the relationship between the neck flexors and  neck extentors to be completely dysfunctional.

After the orthopedic & neurological tests to find if there is disc compression and which nerve root pathway (dermatone) is affected, a testing of neck, shoulder,chest and arm muscles is d one.  Are there weak muscles?.  Is there a relationship between these weak muscles and other muscles that may be overworking.  Are there muscles that  need to be “turned off” and others need to be actiovated; I can use muscle spindles & golgi  tendons to do this. .

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

Neuro-lymphatic and  neuro-vascular pints are worked on to increase lymph and blood flow to affected muscles.

How an Applied Kinesiologist Uses Neuro Lymphatics to Improve Health

How a NYC Applied Kinesiologist Uses Neurovascular Pts for Better Physical and Emotional Wellbeing.

Any bilaterally weak muscles would point to  fixation of 2 or more vertebra and need to be corrected accordingly .

Spinal Pain Not Being Helped? See An Applied Kinesiologist; It May Be A Fixation

Palpation of the spine to find vertebrae lacking movement (subluxation) is done and I muscle test to find the correct corrective vector for the adjustment

The patient is given stretches  for the overactive muscles and exercises for the weak muscles , posture esp head position is reviewed.

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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After this

 

 

Tues 10/13 Mini-Seminar – Advances in Clinical Nutrition: Chronic Disease Management

This Thursday, Oct 13th I’ll be attending an event where  I’ll learn about the following topics:

For more on a integrative approach to resolving inflammation, please read https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/07/18/chronic-inflammation-and-how-chiropractic-applied-kinesiology-can-help/

If you have any questions about the above topics in Thursday’s seminar,please feel free to give me a call at 212-431-3724 or email me at drvittoriarepett@aol.com 

To order: http://www.drvittoriarepetto.metagenics.com. Please click on Create a New Account on the top right side of the page, and use Practitioner Code DrVittoriaRepetto. The advantage of this online store is : 20% off all first-time orders, 10% off all Recurring Orders, Free Ground Shipping on all orders (no matter how little).  Once you have create an account, you click on upper right hand side Log In for future purchases .

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

Why Is My Neck Problem Causing Low Back or Leg Pain? A NYC Chiropractor / Applied Kinesiologist / NKT Practitioner Explains the Lovett Brother Effect on the Spine.

It is not unusual to have a patient come in my office with neck pain also complaining of low back or leg pain that starts with or soon after the onset of the neck pain. Or vice versa: neck pain or headaches or jaw problems after the onset of low back pain.

A lot of doctors don’t think that there is a relationship. But since they came on around the same time they probably are related. The major thing that could connect them is the meninges; three membranes covering the brain, spinal cord and housing the cerebrospinal fluid. If injured it could affect nerves throughout the spine.

spinal-anatomy-e1409590019734

A good illustration of how an injury can affect different levels is to hold the upper part of an elastic band with your hand and then hold the bottom of the band with your other hand. Then twist your upper part of the band; note how the bottom of the elastic band also twists. Now imagine how the meninges surrounding a spinal nerve as it comes off the spinal cord can affect the structures innervated by that spinal nerve.

This explains why if there is a rotation in Cervical 1 there will always be a rotation in Lumbar 5, its ‘Lovett Partner’. With all the listings they can work both ways. For example, a dysfunction at L5 can cause a C1 dysfunction and a C1 dysfunction can cause an L5.

Here’s a helpful illustration: lovatt-brother-relationship

These relationships are looked at by Applied Kinesiologists and NKT Practitioner.

Another possible relationship is one of spinal fixations; please check out this blog for more information: https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/spinal-pain-not-being-helped-see-an-applied-kinesiologist-it-may-be-a-fixation/

For another article on the neck/low back connection; please check out: Neck Problems Causing Low Back Pain & Vice Versa – A NYC Chiropractor / Applied Kinesiologist / NKT Practitioner Explains

So if you are having unexplained pain in different areas, please consider being examined by someone familiar with the above principles.

 

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist Adds NeuroKinetic Therapist to Her Skill List

 

On Friday, March 18th I took the exam for certification in Level 1 NeuroKinetic Therapy and passed w/ flying colors. I now can call myself a NeuroKinetic Therapist.

As you know with Applied Kinesiology, I test for the function of individual muscles. For example, we may find the latissimus dorsi muscle weak; that is a muscle that internally rotates, extends and adducts the arm/ shoulder. It also attracts into the lumbar and sacral vertebra and part of the pelvic crest. The weakness may seen either as a higher shoulder on the weak side or a rotation of the lumbar vertebrae. The questions to be asked are: why is the muscle weak? Is the muscle on the other side hypertonic or “too stronger.” 

lat dorsi

Is there a problem with the spinal innervation?,  asks the chiropractor in me.

Is there a problem with the alignment of the joints that the muscles cross? Is there a problem with the vascular or lymphatic drainage of that muscle?

Now I will be adding the question, Is there a dysfunction in the coordination of muscles working in patterns. Is the above mentioned latissimus dorsi inhibited by the muscles that attach to the shoulder like the upper or middle trapezius or the levator scapulae  or is it compensating (facilitating) for weak or inhibited muscles like the gluteus maximus or the quadratus lumborum say involved in low back pain, for example. 

NeuroKinetic Therapy works with that concept that movement is performed in systems or patterns. The human brain has an affinity toward habits.

For example when we sit down , we use a variety of muscles to both lower ourselves,  to keep the upper body straight and to control our balance.  An injury to one of the muscles involved in sitting down can cause a patient to favor a compensating muscle and not use the injured muscle which in time becomes inhibited and the compensating muscle becomes a facilitated muscle which does not allow the inhibited muscle to switch back on.

nkt-logo

NKT identifies muscle imbalances by using muscle testing to determine what muscles are inhibited and what muscles are compensating (facilitating) for them.

I would test the muscles  involved in the problematic movement.  After an inhibited/weak muscle is found, I would muscle test a synergistic (a helper muscle) or an antagonist muscle (an opposing muscle which is strong/facilitated that may be affecting the inhibited muscle. That facilitated muscle would be therapy localized (the muscle is either touched or put in motion) and the inhibited muscle retested. If the TL strengthens the inhibited muscle, then I know that the TLed muscle is affecting the inhibited muscle.

And I can use AK techniques to release the TLed muscle. The inhibited muscle is then retested which should test strong now, the retesting causes a “neural lock” which reprograms the motor control center in the brain.

Stretches are given to the previously facilitated muscles and exercises given to the previously inhibited muscles.

For more detailed information, please click on the following blogs:

http://neurokinetictherapy.com/what-is-neurokinetic-therapy

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/06/the-art-and-science-of-muscle-testing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2014/08/09/the-use-of-applied-kinesiology-in-a-chiropractic-examination/.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/20/a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-starts-adding-neuro-kinetic-therapy-to-the-mix/

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

 

Scoliosis – How a NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NKT Practitioner Treats It

Scoliosis is an abnormal curving of the spine. Everyone’s spine naturally curves a bit. But people with scoliosis have a spine that curves too much. The spine might look like the letter C or S.

Visible effects of scoliosis include twisting or curving of the spine, a high hip or shoulder or asymmetry in the shape of the rib cage.

Scoliosis_01

Scoliosis occurs when the muscles that support the spine are of unequal strength; this can be the result of a physical injury (compressed vertebrae, disc degeneration), or surgery (i.e. appendectomy or inguinal hernia or knee replacement) or overuse of one side of the body as opposed to the other. Scoliosis can be caused by vertebral anomalies such as spina bifida occulta or structural anomalies such as an anatomical short leg.

Complications of scoliosis can include: breathing problems (in severe scoliosis), low back pain, disc herniation, lower self-esteem, persistent pain if there is wear and tear of the spine.

Just plain chiropractic is insufficient to help the patient with scoliosis.

X-rays to rule out vertebral anomalies are important and proper measurement of leg length and use of heel lifts for a congenial leg length are very important.

Both applied kinesiology and neuro-kinetic therapy are used to discover problems with imbalances in motion and in structure and in muscle strength. One needs to find not only muscles that are weak but also muscles that are strong and compensating for the weak muscles.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/20/a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-starts-adding-neuro-kinetic-therapy-to-the-mix/

One needs to test not only the large muscles that attach to the spine such as the psoas, latissimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum or trapezius but the deep intrinsic paraspinal muscles such as the erector spinalis and mulifidus that perform ipsilateral and contralateral rotation.

deep+spinal+muscles

 

Examination and correction of pelvic, sacral and cranial faults are important to insure movement of cerebral spinal fluids thru out the spine and the nerve roots.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/cranial-sacral-therapy-in-applied-kinesiology/

Exercise to strengthen weak muscles and stretches for the facilitated/hypertonic muscles are given

 

 

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

 Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

Holiday Wishes From Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Whether you celebrate Hanukkah, Winter Solstice, Christmas or Kwanzaa or just the New Year, I leave you with these wishes:

  • May peace break into your home
  • May thieves come to steal your debts!
  • May the pockets of your jeans become a magnet for $100 bills!
  • May love stick to your face like Vaseline
  • May laughter assault your lips!
  • May happiness slap you across the face
  • And may your tears be that of joy!
  • May the problems you had, forget your home address!

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Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice at 455 W 23rd St., NYC 10011; please go towww.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page at my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? Follow me athttps://www.facebook.com/londonterracechiropracticandappliedkinesiology

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto