Thoughts on Whiplash or Neck Trauma by a NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist

“Whiplash” is commonly associated with auto accidents but also can be associated with many types of trauma like sport injuries, bad falls and even nodding off in chair and awaking with a sudden jerking of the neck.

The term “whiplash” refers to the mechanism of the injury. The proper terminology is cervical hyperextension/hyperflexion sprain. Hyperextension means that the head and neck are bent backward beyond their normal range of movement. Hyperflexion means that the head and neck are bent forward beyond the normal range of motion. Symptoms can include neck and back pain, loss of range of motion, shoulder & arm pain or numbness, jaw pain, dizziness, headaches, nausea, difficulty swallowing etc.

Within the neck region’s joints are some of the most complex movements within the body. The cervical bones house and protect the spinal cord. Nerves from the cord pass out of the spine between the vertebrae; nerve entrapment can happen due to the shift of the cervical joint and spasm in both the smaller vertebral muscles http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/the-prevertebral-muscles-of-the-neck.html that control fine movements and the larger and longer muscles https://www.realbodywork.com/learn/neck/neck.htm that control the gross movements of the neck which can result in the above

cervical muscles

Cranial-Sacral Mechanism: the skull and sacrum operate in ways that are often inadequately considered in whiplash cases. There is movement between the cranial bones and the sacrum called the cranial sacral respiratory mechanism that pumps cerebrospinal fluid https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/cranial-sacral-therapy-in-applied-kinesiology/ up and down the spine that helps keep the nerves healthy. Whiplash can cause jamming of the cranial bones resulting in poor function. Poor function of this mechanism can interfere with cranial nerves, some of which control neck muscles, muscles that move the eyes, and muscles that move the jaw, muscles involved with swallowing and breathing.

Some of the very bizarre symptoms of whiplash trauma develop as a result of cranial dysfunction. Intricately associated with this area are the nerves responsible for balance. These include cranial nerve VIII, which supplies the balance mechanism of the middle ear, cranial nerves III, IV, and VI that supply the muscles that move the eyes and are intricately associated with the visual righting reflexes, and the nerve endings in the upper cervical vertebral ligaments that supply the head on-neck reflexes. These reflexes must work together. If there has been injury causing improper nerve supply to one or more of these areas, neurologic disorganization develops that can cause a change in muscle function throughout the body; there may be dizziness, ear ringing, nausea, blurred or double vision, headaches, and myriad other symptoms.

Many whiplash patients develop pain in the jaw joint, called the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is aggravated by chewing. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2013/06/26/tmj-problems-jaw-problems-and-how-a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-handles-the-problem/

As a doctor of chiropractor who also does applied kinesiology, I not only deal with restoring the proper movement of the cervical vertebrae https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/07/17/the-subluxationspinal-joint-dysfunction/ but almost dealing with the injury to the both the flexion and extension muscles of the cervical area mentioned above whether they need to be relaxed or whether they need to be strengthened. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

Nutrition is suggested to help repair injured muscle fibers.

Cranial bone movement is checked via muscle testing and restored by non-force movements with inspiratory assistance

The movement of the sacrum, commonly missed in a non-applied kinesiology office, is checked for dysfunction and adjusted for return of normal function and proper flow of the cerebrospinal fluid so important to the health of the brain and the spinal cord and nerves.

 

© 2015-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page at my web site.

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How a NYC Chiropractor /Applied Kinesiologist /NeuroKinetic Therapist Treats Sciatica

First what is sciatica; sciatica is an inflammation of the sciatic nerve, the longest nerve in your body. The sciatic nerve is formed from the Lumbar 4 (L4) to Sacral 3 (S3) segments of the spinal nerves as they exit the vertebrae at the same levels.

It provides motor innervation and sensation to part of the muscles along the lower lumbar vertebrae and the muscles of your hip and pelvis, to the muscles in your thigh esp. the hamstrings the back of your knee and lower leg and the sole of your foot.

sciatic_nerve

When you have sciatica, you can have pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in any of the fore mentioned areas. It can start in the low back and extend down the back of your thigh to your calf, foot, or even your toes. It’s usually on only one side of your body.

Causes of sciatica include a herniation or degeneration of a disc at the levels mentioned above, subluxation of the vertebrae associated w the sciatic nerve. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/07/17/the-subluxationspinal-joint-dysfunction/ or a narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the sciatic nerve root which is called spinal stenosis.

As a doctor of chiropractic, I would do a proper orthopedic and neurological examination to determine the level of spinal dysfunction/subluxation.

But before adjusting the vertebrae to remove the subluxation, I would test via muscle testing and palpation the muscles innervated by the involved spinal segments or attached to the spinal segments.

A case in point would be the testing of the psoas muscle as part of the muscle attaches to the anterior of the lumbar vertebrae; a weakness or a hyper tonicity of the muscle can cause rotation of the vertebrae and place tension on the sciatic nerve root. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psoas_major_muscle

The piriformis muscle is another important muscle that needs to be checked as the sciatic nerve passes under the piriformis; a spasm of this muscle can put pressure on the sciatic. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piriformis_muscle

sciatic-nerve

 

Other muscles that may be checked are the hamstrings, the lumbar erector, the quadratus lumborum, the gluteus maximus and the gluteus mediu

I ask,  is there a dysfunction in the coordination of muscles working in patterns. Is the above mentioned psoas or piriformis inhibited by the muscles  like the gluteus maximus or the quadratus lumborum that are compensating (facilitating) for weak or inhibited muscles, for example. or vice versa. Muscle imbalance can cause misalignment of the vertebrea they attach to. 

The muscles that are found to be either weak or hyper tonic are balanced by spindle or golgi tendon work and blood flow and lymphathic drainage to the muscle is increased by working on neuro-vascular and neuro-lymphatic points.

I would also test for problems with the illiolumber ligament and the sacrotuberous ligament which help stabilize the lumbar spine and sacrum respectively.

http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/iliolumbar-ligament

http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/sacrotuberous-ligament

I also examine the pelvis as the pelvis forms the foundation support of the human skeleton, I look to see if the patient is showing what is known in SOT technique as a Category Three pelvic problem.

Category Three occurs when the low back can no longer tolerate the physical stressors placed on it. This can be a sudden one-off event such as a lift, or it can be a pre-existing weakness that is aggravated. Category Three produces pain in the low back and sciatica. Correction involves using blocks under the pelvis in a specific direction and position. Your weight and breathing helps to gently balance the low back and take the pressure or irritation off the nerve.http://www.soto.net.au/A-patients-guide-to-the-practice-of-SOT

I also check for cranial involvement; there are cranial faults involved in low back and sciatic pain. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/cranial-sacral-therapy-in-applied-kinesiology/

The combination of all these techniques along with nutrition and specific stretches and exercises helps the patient heal faster.

 For information on specific techniques, please read:

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2011/07/29/how-a-nyc-applied-kinesiologist-uses-neurovascular-pts-for-better-physical-and-emotional-wellbeing/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2011/02/16/how-an-applied-kinesiologist-uses-neuro-lympathics-to-improve-health/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/06/the-art-and-science-of-muscle-testing-in-applied-kinesiology/

© 2015-Dr. Vittoria Repetto/ 2016 revised 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto