Hyoid Bone – Its Importance – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

The hyoid bone  is a horseshoe-shaped bone located in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage  . At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible or lower jaw  in the front and the third cervical vertebrae(C3) behind.

Unlike other bones, the hyoid is not attached to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.

 

 

 It is located in the front, middle of the throat between the lower jaw and the larynx, which is also called the voice box. The hyoid bone is involved in several functions of the throat, including breathing, swallowing, and talking.

A hyoid bone dislocation occurs when this bone is moved from its normal position in the throat. Common causes of hyoid bone dislocations include car accidents, strangulation, and direct trauma to the neck including surgery for thyroid problems or other anterior neck problems

Symptoms of a dislocated hyoid bone include:  pain, especially when swallowing. difficulty swallowing and talking, swelling of the neck  and severe dislocations may cause difficulty breathing. Intubation for a surgical procedure that is not positioned correctly can affect the position of the hyoid.

The historical importance of the hyoid traces back to the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens for the origin of speech. Unlike in other mammals, the human hyoid bone works together with the tongue and the larynx to produce effective speech as it is responsible for the movement of many small muscles.  So an imbalance in the position of the hyoid and the muscles attachments to the tongue, larynx and pharynx .

One other observation with the hyoid bone is that it can act as one of the body’s gyroscopes; movement of the hyoid bone can affect movement throughout the body and vice versa.  Look at the above picture and imagine the change in position of the hyoid and the cervical (neck) spine if,  for example, there was a break in the rt. clavicle..destroying muscle control of all the muscles on the right. We know of cases from martial arts that some students have problems with their  balance after being kicked in their throats .

Look again at the attachment of muscles above the hyoid and how they attach to the bottom of the jaw  or mandible ; making the hyoid and its muscles part of an examination of TMJ (jaw) problems. 

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

As the TMJ is part of the skull and the the cranial bones are checked for alignment ,and we know that the stylohyoid ligament runs from the temporal lobe of the skull to the lesser cornua of the hyoid bone. 

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

 

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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The Cervical & Vagus Nerve Connection?! – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

I’ve been pondering the possible connection between the Cervical nerve and the Vagus nerve.

The Vagus nerve is the tenth cranial nerve or CN X, and interfaces with parasympathetic control of the heart, lungs, and digestive tract. The Vagus nerve supplies motor parasympathetic fibers to all the organs (except the adrenal glands), from the neck down to the second segment of the transverse colon. The Vagus also controls a few skeletal muscles in the neck or cervical area. The Vagus nerves are paired; however, they are normally referred to in the singular. It is the longest nerve of the autonomic nervous system.

The first and second cervical nerves are responsible for innervation of the head, face, inner middle ear, sinuses, eyes, upper neck, auditory nerves and other areas. The cervical nerves C3-C7 bear the responsibility of innervating the neck, shoulders, thyroid, teeth, tonsils, outer ear, nose, mouth, vocal cords, and more, with some of their individual responsibilities outlined below. The fourth cervical nerve innervates the thoracic diaphragm, leading to the creation of the surgical mnemonic “Cut C4, breathe no more.”

The Vagus Nerve (also known as the “wandering nerve”) exits the upper cervical spine and descends down to the heart and the stomach and the rest of the digestive system. We know of cases where severe massage of the neck muscles affects digestion and respiration.

The Vagus nerve travels along the side of the cervical vertebrae; fibers of the cervical nerves and the vagus innervate similar neck muscles. Misalignment of the upper cervical vertebrae affects the nerves that innervate those muscles. A biofeedback can affect the Vagus.

A relatively new patient made me ponder this possible connection: he had fallen on his head 30 yrs ago. He complained of neck pain, gall bladder pain, low back pain, walking dis-ease, excessive hunger (drinks lots of veggie and fruit juices). He looked emaciated, held his head forward and his shoulders elevated. His X-rays show facet problems w C1-2 vertebra and a slipping forward of C2 on C3; he admits that he self-adjusts his neck.
On examination, found a bilateral weak psoas (a muscle involved in walking) which suggests a fixation of the occipital bone and C1 vertebrae and then also a fixation of C2 and C3.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/spinal-pain-not-being-helped-see-an-applied-kinesiologist-it-may-be-a-fixation/

I found abnormal sacral movement- a Sacral Wooble, released the erector spinal muscles, adjusted two cranial bones and  worked on acu-points for gall bladder, spleen and liver as well as lymphatic points
His neck’s range of motion is better and walking is not uncomfortable.
Gave instructions on how to track his head back without elevating his chin and told him to stop adjusting his own neck. My dietary advice was to stop juicing and eat solid veggies and more protein.
I emailed him  a youtube video on how to hold his head and another one on the dangers of self-adjustment.

That night and the next 2 days I get emails saying that though he thought I didn’t do a lot; he was not hungry and he had two really good bowel movements and his breathing and his voice is stronger. He was looking forward to his next visit.

Forward lean is a  constant problem with texting, working at a computer and just bad posture. Note that the doctor in the first video mentions that more forward lean, the more years of forward lean, the more medications the patient is on; more stress on cervical…more stress on Vagus?/…more problems w/ organ function.?!!. 

 

Copyright – 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Did Shingles Pain Cause a Shift in Body Position and Structural Pain?: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

A young patient who I hadn’t seen in a while came in complaining of rt “scalene” pain (her words for neck pain) and rt upper back pain by the shoulder blade. She thinks it may be a rib out. Visualization showed a slight “tipping” (not a winging) of the shoulder blade.

Then she mentions that she had a mild case of shingles on her rt hip and the shingles predated the neck & mid back pain .

First I found that her SCM was overworking for a weak mid scalene. The SCM was released and the clavicle was adjusted and the pect minor was released in combination with the SCM.


Second I tested her rhomboids and serratus anterior; the scapula tipping was the clue. The serratus ant was overworking for a weak rhomboid.

Third a rt gluteus maximus was overworking for a weak rt. psoas and a weak rt. gluteus medius.

A pelvic category 1 was corrected as well as rt thoracic and cervical subluxations were adjusted.

There is a theory of Anatomy Trains on how patterns of muscle,  fascia and muscle strain communicate through the myofascial ‘webbing’, contributing to postural compensation and movement stability.

An example of this is when you are reaching for something on a table, you don’t just use your hand, arm and shoulder but your whole body from your head muscles down to your foot muscle reacts to stabilize your position in space as you reach.

A major insight may be that the lateral rt. side of her body may have reacted to the pain of the shingles by moving inwards in order not to stretch the lesion area rather than moving away from it which in turn affected her structure via muscle pull and strain.

  For more information:

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Medical Articles Of Interest For June 2017

Aerobic Exercise Reverses Alzheimer Symptoms

Prenatal, Early-Life Toxin, Nutrient Exposure Tied to Autism

Vitamin D in Pregnancy ‘Could Prevent Child Asthma’

Strenuous Exercise Can Cause Significant GI Symptoms

Eating Fish May Reduce Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

Neck Problems Causing Low Back Pain & Vice Versa – A NYC Chiropractor / Applied Kinesiologist / NKT Practitioner Explains

Patients are usually amazed that neck  and low back problems has anything to do with each other.
But if you look at the spinal muscles, you can see that it is a continuous muscular chain from the base of skull to the sacrum. If one part of this muscular chain is not working properly, then  another part either above or below will have to overwork.
This is particularly true for those who sit a lot. The lower back weakens, and the neck tightens in response; for example, the neck extensors may be overworking for an under working quadratus lumborum.
 
 
Included in this muscular chain are the multifidi who are major spinal stabilizers.
 
Someone w/ a L5/4 herniation (slipped disc) may have overworking lumbar multifidi, causing the cervical multifidi to overwork. This can cause a head forward posture. an increased curve at the mid back, an hyperextended low back  and pain in all these areas and weak core muscles that further complicates the picture.
necktolowback
So as a Doctor of Chiropractic, Applied Kinesiologist and NeuroKinetic Therapist, I need to solve what is causing the problem and look at the whole picture and not just chase pain.

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

*I thank Dr Perry Nickelston for his phrase “Stop Chasing Pain.”

Scars & Muscle Control – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

A while ago I had two patients where scars left from operations affected muscle function.

The first patient came in complaining of acute low back pain that happened on lifting a box that was too heavy for her; one of the muscles I tested is the Rectus Abdominal, it was weak in the clear. The Rectus Abdominal (RA) is part of the support for the Lumbar (low back);she had mentioned that she had had a tummy tuck years ago.
When she touched the scar (therapy localize) which was above her pubes (RA tries into the pubes) her RA tested strong so I massaged the scar and the RA now tested strong.

I find that the T10-T11 vertabrae which are part of the innervation of the RA were subluxated and adjusted them. I also adjusted subluxations in the low back.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

I showed her which abdominal exercise I wanted her to do after a daily massage of the scar.

The second patient come in w/ thoracic weakness; she have a history of different cancers.
When I tested her Pectoralis  muscles, both parts (Clavicular & Sternal) tested weak. She said that she was not surprised as a “good part of the muscle was removed” where they removed her breast. I therapy localized the scar from the breast removal and retested as I touched the scar…both parts of the muscle now tested strong.
I massaged the scar… and the muscle tested strong.  I found subluxations at C5 for innervation of the clavicular section and C7 for the sternal section and adjusted them both.
Patient’s homework was to massage that scar before doing exercises for the pectorlis.

Please click on below research articles on relation of scars to muscle pain and function.

CLINICAL IMPORTANCE OF ACTIVE SCARS: ABNORMAL SCARS AS A CAUSE OF MYOFASCIAL PAIN

Surface electromyography of abdominal and back muscles in patients with active scars.

A CASE OF A PATHOGENIC ACTIVE SCAR

Skin, fascias, and scars: symptoms and systemic connections

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

Medical Articles Of Interest for February 2017

Eggs, High Dietary Cholesterol Not Linked to Increased Risk for Dementia, Alzheimer’s

Dr Repetto’s comment: Egg yolks contain choline, a supplement important for brain health.

Matching the Right Diet to the Right Patient

Sitting Less Linked to Lower Risk of Diabetes

DHA Supplements Linked to Less Progression to Alzheimer’s in APOE4 Carriers

More Support for Gut-Brain Link in Autism

Mediterranean Diet With Olive Oil Boosted HDL Function: PREDIMED

Dietary Protein – From Any Source – May Help Muscle Health

Vitamin D May Protect Against Respiratory Infections

Studies Suggest Cardiovascular Sweet Spot at Two Drinks per Day

Sports Hernias, Adductor Injuries, and Hip Problems Are Linked