The Spinal Nerve / Autonomic Nerve Connection – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

For ages, doctors of chiropractor have talked about how spinal joint dysfunction or subluxations affect the not only the motor and sensory nerve flow (and blood flow) to muscles but also to glands, viscera, skin, etc.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body. In the human body there are 31 pairs of spinal nerves from the cervical (the neck) to the coccyx (tailbone).

Autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system in organisms with spines that controls and regulates the internal organs without any conscious recognition or effort by that organism. The autonomic nervous system comprises two antagonistic sets of nerves, the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.

The sympathetic nervous system can accelerate heart rate, widen bronchial passages, decrease motility of the large intestine, constrict blood vessels, increase peristalsis in the esophagus, cause pupillary dilation, piloerection (goose bumps) and perspiration (sweating), and raise blood pressure. These changes are part of the body’s fight-or-flight response.

The sympathetic system begins at the first thoracic (mid back) vertebra of the spine and are thought to extend to the second or third lumbar (low back) vertebra

The parasympathetic nervous system has almost the exact opposite effect; the parasympathetic system is responsible for stimulation of “rest-and-digest” or “feed and breed” activities that occur when the body is at rest, especially after eating, including sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination,digestion and defecation.

The parasympathetic nervous includes some of the cranial nerves that originate in parts of the brain and specifically the oculomotor nerve, the facial nerve, the glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve and three spinal nerves in the sacrum (S2 – 4).

 So how are the spinal nerve and problems in nerve flow caused by spinal joint dysfunction connected?

It’s via the nerves called ramus communicans (plural rami communicantes) – a nerve which connects two other nerves.

It’s a communicating branch between a spinal nerve and the sympathetic trunk. More specifically, it usually refers to one of the following :  the grey ramus communicans and the white ramus communicans.

The grey and white rami communicantes are responsible for conveying autonomic signals, specifically for the sympathetic nervous system. The difference in coloration is caused by differences in myelination of the nerve fibres contained within, i.e. there are more myelinated than unmyelinated fibres in the white rami communicantes while the converse is true for the grey rami communicantes.

The grey rami communicantes exist at every level of the spinal cord and are responsible for carrying postganglionic nerve fibers from the paravertebral ganglia to their destination, and for carrying those preganglionic nerve fibres which enter the paravertebral ganglia but do not synapse

The white rami communicantes exist only at the levels of the spinal cord where the intermediolateral cell column is present (T1-L2) and are responsible for carrying preganglionic nerves fibers from the spinal cord to the paravertebral ganglia.

Both ramus within the spinal nerve cross each other, being the white farther away from the intervertebral foramen when exiting the spinal nerve to enter the ganglia.

Spinal joint dysfunction or subluxation affects the outflow of neuronal and blood flow to these ganglia. Correction of the spinal joint dysfunction normalizes the outflow of nerve and blood flow and allows the autonomic system to seek homeostasis (dynamic state of equilibrium) resulting in better function and health.

The Cervical & Vagus Nerve Connection?! – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Hyoid Bone – Its Importance – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

The hyoid bone  is a horseshoe-shaped bone located in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage  . At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible or lower jaw  in the front and the third cervical vertebrae(C3) behind.

Unlike other bones, the hyoid is not attached to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.

 

 

 It is located in the front, middle of the throat between the lower jaw and the larynx, which is also called the voice box. The hyoid bone is involved in several functions of the throat, including breathing, swallowing, and talking.

A hyoid bone dislocation occurs when this bone is moved from its normal position in the throat. Common causes of hyoid bone dislocations include car accidents, strangulation, and direct trauma to the neck including surgery for thyroid problems or other anterior neck problems

Symptoms of a dislocated hyoid bone include:  pain, especially when swallowing. difficulty swallowing and talking, swelling of the neck  and severe dislocations may cause difficulty breathing. Intubation for a surgical procedure that is not positioned correctly can affect the position of the hyoid.

The historical importance of the hyoid traces back to the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens for the origin of speech. Unlike in other mammals, the human hyoid bone works together with the tongue and the larynx to produce effective speech as it is responsible for the movement of many small muscles.  So an imbalance in the position of the hyoid and the muscles attachments to the tongue, larynx and pharynx .

One other observation with the hyoid bone is that it can act as one of the body’s gyroscopes; movement of the hyoid bone can affect movement throughout the body and vice versa.  Look at the above picture and imagine the change in position of the hyoid and the cervical (neck) spine if,  for example, there was a break in the rt. clavicle..destroying muscle control of all the muscles on the right. We know of cases from martial arts that some students have problems with their  balance after being kicked in their throats .

Look again at the attachment of muscles above the hyoid and how they attach to the bottom of the jaw  or mandible ; making the hyoid and its muscles part of an examination of TMJ (jaw) problems. 

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

As the TMJ is part of the skull and the the cranial bones are checked for alignment ,and we know that the stylohyoid ligament runs from the temporal lobe of the skull to the lesser cornua of the hyoid bone. 

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

 

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Addendum: July 21, 2018

New young patient who had flown it from Reno with pain on swallowing…saw my blog. and emailed me….a lot of ant neck muscles, clavicle and cranial adjustments . neck position – Full Ext Pitch and a cervical fixation/bilateral Gluteus Max weakness…I had him getting up down and drinking water in all the different neck positions that were bothering him until he got completely pain-free on swallowing in all range of motions of the neck
I usually enjoy my work but it was great fun !!

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Cervical Radiculitis – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains What It Is & How She Treats It

Cervical radiculitis is when there is damage to the nerve roots of the cervical spine (C4 to T1) causing pain and loss of sensation or muscle weakness  or numbness along the pathway of the peculiar nerve into the shoulder or arm or hand or chest depending on which nerve root pathway is involved.

These pathways are also called dermatomes; see below.

 

Damage to cervical nerve roots occasionally due to some abnormality or defect in the cervical spine resulting in compression of the nerve roots. Some of the abnormalities that cause nerve root impingement at the vertebrae level are disc herniation, disc bulging , formation of bone spurs and a condition called spondylolisthesis  where one vertebra slips forward onto the below vertebra.

Other causes of disc/nerve root compression may be persistent  subluxation of vertebrae or fixation of a group of vertebra. These can be a result of poor posture or an injury such as head trauma or whiplash.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

Adding to these problems is the imbalance of surrounding musclature ; for example it is common to find the relationship between the neck flexors and  neck extentors to be completely dysfunctional.

After the orthopedic & neurological tests to find if there is disc compression and which nerve root pathway (dermatone) is affected, a testing of neck, shoulder,chest and arm muscles is d one.  Are there weak muscles?.  Is there a relationship between these weak muscles and other muscles that may be overworking.  Are there muscles that  need to be “turned off” and others need to be actiovated; I can use muscle spindles & golgi  tendons to do this. .

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

Neuro-lymphatic and  neuro-vascular pints are worked on to increase lymph and blood flow to affected muscles.

How an Applied Kinesiologist Uses Neuro Lymphatics to Improve Health

How a NYC Applied Kinesiologist Uses Neurovascular Pts for Better Physical and Emotional Wellbeing.

Any bilaterally weak muscles would point to  fixation of 2 or more vertebra and need to be corrected accordingly .

Spinal Pain Not Being Helped? See An Applied Kinesiologist; It May Be A Fixation

Palpation of the spine to find vertebrae lacking movement (subluxation) is done and I muscle test to find the correct corrective vector for the adjustment

The patient is given stretches  for the overactive muscles and exercises for the weak muscles , posture esp head position is reviewed.

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Did Shingles Pain Cause a Shift in Body Position and Structural Pain?: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

A young patient who I hadn’t seen in a while came in complaining of rt “scalene” pain (her words for neck pain) and rt upper back pain by the shoulder blade. She thinks it may be a rib out. Visualization showed a slight “tipping” (not a winging) of the shoulder blade.

Then she mentions that she had a mild case of shingles on her rt hip and the shingles predated the neck & mid back pain .

First I found that her SCM was overworking for a weak mid scalene. The SCM was released and the clavicle was adjusted and the pect minor was released in combination with the SCM.


Second I tested her rhomboids and serratus anterior; the scapula tipping was the clue. The serratus ant was overworking for a weak rhomboid.

Third a rt gluteus maximus was overworking for a weak rt. psoas and a weak rt. gluteus medius.

A pelvic category 1 was corrected as well as rt thoracic and cervical subluxations were adjusted.

There is a theory of Anatomy Trains on how patterns of muscle,  fascia and muscle strain communicate through the myofascial ‘webbing’, contributing to postural compensation and movement stability.

An example of this is when you are reaching for something on a table, you don’t just use your hand, arm and shoulder but your whole body from your head muscles down to your foot muscle reacts to stabilize your position in space as you reach.

A major insight may be that the lateral rt. side of her body may have reacted to the pain of the shingles by moving inwards in order not to stretch the lesion area rather than moving away from it which in turn affected her structure via muscle pull and strain.

  For more information:

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Medical Articles Of Interest For June 2017

Aerobic Exercise Reverses Alzheimer Symptoms

Prenatal, Early-Life Toxin, Nutrient Exposure Tied to Autism

Vitamin D in Pregnancy ‘Could Prevent Child Asthma’

Strenuous Exercise Can Cause Significant GI Symptoms

Eating Fish May Reduce Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

Looking Globally /Not Chasing Pain: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

When patients come in with a local problem such as leg  pain, the first question is where is the source of the pain; is it from the leg itself or the the low back. The other important question is what “set up” the problem. Without answering this question,the problem is not really resolved; the patient will come back with the problem again; you will be just “chasing pain*.”

The answer to the second but more important question may be in the global muscles or core stabilization muscles, these muscles are the Rectus Abdominus, the Transverus Abdominus, the Internal & External Obliques, the Quadratus Lumborum, the Erector Spinae and the Multifidus.

Recently new patient came in complaining of feeling “unbalanced on her right side” siting specifically her right leg and hip.

The lower extremities were a quick fix: a Rectus Femoris – major muscles in the front of the thigh -compensating for a weak Gluteus Maximus. Also the patella and the rotation of the femur (thigh bone) on the tibia (lower leg bone) needed to be adjusted and the Popliteus ( a muscle that rotates the tibia) released.

But during the examination, on lateral flexion of her truck, I noted that her rt shoulder was rotating. I asked her to try to not rotate her shoulder but she was unable; in fact she was unaware of doing it.

I tested her Oblique muscles and they were weak on the right side. Touching (therapy localizing) her Quadratus Lumborum strengthened her Obliques when retested. So I released the QL and the Oblique were strong.

coremuscles

 

A Category One pelvis which involves rotation was found and fixed.

Low Back Pain & Non Force Adjustments/SOT Blocking: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

When she stood back up, the rt. leg felt balanced and the rotation of her shoulder on lateral flexion was gone.

It was a great illustration of how sometimes part of the problem you have to look above the area of complaint to truly fix the problem; a local problem with a global part.

Stretches and exercises were given as homework.

In my practice, I Iisten, observe and test during the examination and use a combination of NKT, Applied Kinesiology and Chiropractic to help my patients; it’s a strong combination.

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her  ANYCpplied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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*I thank Dr Perry Nickelston for his phrase “Stop Chasing Pain.”

Scars & Muscle Control – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

A while ago I had two patients where scars left from operations affected muscle function.

The first patient came in complaining of acute low back pain that happened on lifting a box that was too heavy for her; one of the muscles I tested is the Rectus Abdominal, it was weak in the clear. The Rectus Abdominal (RA) is part of the support for the Lumbar (low back);she had mentioned that she had had a tummy tuck years ago.
When she touched the scar (therapy localize) which was above her pubes (RA tries into the pubes) her RA tested strong so I massaged the scar and the RA now tested strong.

I find that the T10-T11 vertabrae which are part of the innervation of the RA were subluxated and adjusted them. I also adjusted subluxations in the low back.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

I showed her which abdominal exercise I wanted her to do after a daily massage of the scar.

The second patient come in w/ thoracic weakness; she have a history of different cancers.
When I tested her Pectoralis  muscles, both parts (Clavicular & Sternal) tested weak. She said that she was not surprised as a “good part of the muscle was removed” where they removed her breast. I therapy localized the scar from the breast removal and retested as I touched the scar…both parts of the muscle now tested strong.
I massaged the scar… and the muscle tested strong.  I found subluxations at C5 for innervation of the clavicular section and C7 for the sternal section and adjusted them both.
Patient’s homework was to massage that scar before doing exercises for the pectorlis.

Please click on below research articles on relation of scars to muscle pain and function.

CLINICAL IMPORTANCE OF ACTIVE SCARS: ABNORMAL SCARS AS A CAUSE OF MYOFASCIAL PAIN

Surface electromyography of abdominal and back muscles in patients with active scars.

A CASE OF A PATHOGENIC ACTIVE SCAR

Skin, fascias, and scars: symptoms and systemic connections

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto