Hyoid Bone – Its Importance – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

The hyoid bone  is a horseshoe-shaped bone located in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage  . At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible or lower jaw  in the front and the third cervical vertebrae(C3) behind.

Unlike other bones, the hyoid is not attached to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.

 

 

 It is located in the front, middle of the throat between the lower jaw and the larynx, which is also called the voice box. The hyoid bone is involved in several functions of the throat, including breathing, swallowing, and talking.

A hyoid bone dislocation occurs when this bone is moved from its normal position in the throat. Common causes of hyoid bone dislocations include car accidents, strangulation, and direct trauma to the neck including surgery for thyroid problems or other anterior neck problems

Symptoms of a dislocated hyoid bone include:  pain, especially when swallowing. difficulty swallowing and talking, swelling of the neck  and severe dislocations may cause difficulty breathing. Intubation for a surgical procedure that is not positioned correctly can affect the position of the hyoid.

The historical importance of the hyoid traces back to the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens for the origin of speech. Unlike in other mammals, the human hyoid bone works together with the tongue and the larynx to produce effective speech as it is responsible for the movement of many small muscles.  So an imbalance in the position of the hyoid and the muscles attachments to the tongue, larynx and pharynx .

One other observation with the hyoid bone is that it can act as one of the body’s gyroscopes; movement of the hyoid bone can affect movement throughout the body and vice versa.  Look at the above picture and imagine the change in position of the hyoid and the cervical (neck) spine if,  for example, there was a break in the rt. clavicle..destroying muscle control of all the muscles on the right. We know of cases from martial arts that some students have problems with their  balance after being kicked in their throats .

Look again at the attachment of muscles above the hyoid and how they attach to the bottom of the jaw  or mandible ; making the hyoid and its muscles part of an examination of TMJ (jaw) problems. 

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

As the TMJ is part of the skull and the the cranial bones are checked for alignment ,and we know that the stylohyoid ligament runs from the temporal lobe of the skull to the lesser cornua of the hyoid bone. 

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

 

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Dr. Vittoria Repetto Selected as a Top Chiropractor in NYC

Yesterday I received a letter stating that I had been selected as a Top Chiropractor in NYC by the International Associaton of Chiropractors (IAC) and I would be spotlighted in the renowned publication The Leading Physicans of the World.

The IAC highlights and profiles the world’s Top Chiropractors. The Association has been designed to spotlight physicans that have demonstated success and leadership in their profession.

© 2014-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice at 455 W 23rd St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

 And please check out the Patient Testimonials at the “Our Practice” page at the web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? Follow me at http://www.facebook.com/pages/London-Terrace-Chiropractic-Applied-Kinesiology/109622855768202
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NOTE: Any ads not related to Dr. Vittoria Repetto that appear below this blog are not authorizied by Dr. Repetto.

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

Temporomandibular Joint problems(TMJ) or jaw pain occur mainly as a result of an imbalance  with the joint and surrounding facial muscles that control chewing and moving the jaw.

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull, which is immediately in front of the ear on each side of your head.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temporomandibular_joint

The joints are flexible, allowing the jaw to move smoothly up and down and side to side and enabling you to talk, chew, and yawn. Muscles attached to and surrounding the jaw joint control the position and movement of the jaw.

http://education.yahoo.com/reference/gray/subjects/subject/109

What Causes TMJ Problems?

  • Receiving a heavy blow or whiplash
  • Grinding or clenching the teeth, which puts a lot of pressure on the TMJ
  • Dislocation of the soft cushion or disc between the ball and socket
  • Presence of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the TMJ
  • Stress or Emotional Overload which can cause a person to tighten facial and jaw muscles or clench the teeth
  • Biting down on a hard and/or thick piece of food
  • Using jaw clenching to compensate for weak or inhibited muscles elsewhere

What Are the Symptoms of a TMJ Problem?

  • Pain or tenderness in the face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, and in or around the ear when you chew, speak, or open your mouth wide
  • Limited ability to open the mouth very wide
  • Jaws that get “stuck” or “lock” in the open- or closed-mouth position
  • Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth or chewing
  • Difficulty chewing or a sudden uncomfortable bite
  • Swelling on the side of the face
  • May occur on one or both sides of the face

Other common symptoms of a TMJ problem can include digestive problems, toothaches, headaches, neck aches, dizziness, earaches, hearing problems, upper shoulder pain, and ringing in the ears (tinnitis).

As a Applied Kinesiologist and Doctor Of Chiropractic, I look at the articulation of the joint itself and the pull of the muscles such as the Masseter, the Temporalis, the External Pterygoid and the Internal Pterygoid on the joint itself. Neck muscles, hyoid muscles  and upper back muscles also affect the TMJ. Are they in spasm? Are they weak?  Do they need muscle spindle or golgi tendon work?

As a NeuroKineticTherapy practitioner, I ask if some muscles are compensating (or overactive) for inhibited or weak muscles. “The jaw muscles can compensate for weakness in the grip, in the neck flexors, or in the hip flexors.” http://neurokinetictherapy.com/do-you-treat-causes-or-symptoms-part-three

What_is_the_TMJ_2

As the TMJ is part of the skull, the cranial bones are checked for alignment; esp the occipital bone at the back of the head.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/cranial-sacral-therapy-in-applied-kinesiology/

Subluxations of the occipital also are involved with upper cervical (neck) problems and therefore cervical subluxations are adjusted

And since the examining acupuncture pts. on the head shows us that a number of meridians associated with digestion such as the stomach, small intestine and large intestines cross the TMJ can affect digestion (digestion can affect the TMJ), checking acupunture pts., the neuro-lymphatic and neuro-vascular points for digestive organs need to checked to see if there is any connection.

head acupunture pts

Once all the above are checked, then a very gentle adjustment of the joint itself can done.; a number of adjustments may be needed to break the subluxated pattern and get the Jaw joint moving freely and pain and noise free.

If you believe you have a TMJ problem, please give my office at call at 212-431-3724 for an appointment.

© 2013-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

© Revised – 2016 – Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/
Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

A NYC Chiropractor & Applied Kinesiologist Talks About Getting 1/2 of your Calcium From Food

If you have been following my blogs, you know that as a Doctor of Chiropractic and an Applied Kinesiologist I am interested in nutrition. In this blog, I am recommending that at least half of your calcium intake (daily intake – 900mg- 1200 mg) come from the food that you eat. Please see below for a listing of calcium in common foods.

There are reasons for this: one is that fresh unprocessed foods contain other minerals besides calcium like magnesium, potassium and boron that help form the collagen matrix lattice in your bones that the calcium attachs itself to.

These fresh foods like green leafy vegetables and yogurt contain Vitamin K; one of the functions of this vitamin is to keep calcium out of your joints and arteries. Other food like dairy products, eggs, fish contain Vitamin D which helps the calcium attach to the bone.

Please check out another blog Getting Enough Calcium Into Your Bones? Ten Facts You Need to Know!

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/09/15/getting-enough-calcium-into-your-bones-ten-facts-you-need-to-know/

food-rich-in-calcium

In another blog, I talked about being careful about what kind of calcium is in your supplements as some calcium supplements can prevent absorption  of calcium, weaken your bones and create other health problems.

Please check out A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist Talks About How Your Multi and/or Calcium Supplement May Be Causing Problems https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2013/04/06/a-nyc-chiropractor-applied-kinesiologist-talks-about-multi-andor-calcium-supplement-may-be-causing-problems/

TYPE OF FOOD – 1 CUP = Mgs of CALCIUM
Black beans 270
Chickpeas 300
Lentils 50
Lima beans 55
Pinto beans 257
Kidney beans 70
Split peas 22
Alfalfa sprouts 28
Artichoke 51
Asparagus 21
Broccoli 138
Cabbage 64
Cauliflower 26
Chard, Swiss 106
Collards 220
Dandelion greens 147
Eggplant 22
Greens, beet 14
Kale 174
Mustard greens 284
Okra 147
Potato, sweet -baked 46
Spinach – cooked 167
Spinach- raw 51
Watercress – raw 53
Hijiki 1400
Almonds – raw 332
Cashews 53
Hazelnuts 282
Sesame seeds 165
Tofu 128
Beef -ground -lean 54
Chicken – breast 39
Chicken – thigh 41
Duck 37
Lamb – shoulder 35
Turkey -light meat 36
Turkey – dark meat 36
Egg -1 large-hard 27
Mackerel-canned 388
Salmon-fresh 358
Salmon- canned 431
Tuna – canned-water 32
Cheese – gruyere/swiss 287
Milk – low fat 297
Milk – skim 302
Milk – whole 291
Ricotta 509
Yogurt-low fat 415

 

© 2013-Dr. Vittoria Repetto
Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice; please go to http://www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page at the web site.

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A NYC Chiropractor/Applied KInesiologist Posts Site About Sitting Correctly

Are you sitting wrong or sitting for too long? Since a lot of us have office jobs, we spent almost half our day sitting usually in a bad posture. Sitting can have an important impact on your health.

Posture is about keeping your spine aligned with its natural shape and curves and the equal pull on our spines by the spinal and back muscles. Bad posture can throw off your spine’s balance, allowing your body to be more prone to injury. In an average day common incorrect posture positions can change the balance of our spine and the back muscles.

When we slouch, the natural spinal curves are either reversed or exaggerated and this puts more stress on our spine and muscles. For example, if we hang our head and neck down, we increase the strain of the muscles balancing the weight of our head and increase the strain of the muscles holding our rib cage up. Some mucles become too tight and others too loose. Such an imbalance can lead to tension headaches, mid-back pains, neck pains and shoulder pains.

Similarly, low back pain can be caused by misalignment of the spine and unbalanced muscle pull on both the front , back and sides of our torso due to bad posture and habits.

Here is a website with a complete workshop helping you Sit Right when working. Back and neck pain are never comfortable. These guidelines will make your life more comfortable.

http://whatsyourposture.com.au/sit-right/

© 2013-Dr. Vittoria Repetto
Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice; please go to http://www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials at the “Our Practice” page at the web site.

Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? Follow me at http://www.facebook.com/pages/London-Terrace-Chiropractic-Applied-Kinesiology/109622855768202
or
Or join me at Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

Chiropratica NYC / Kinesiologo Applicata Che Parla Italiano

Sono Dottoressa Vittoria Repetto, io specializzato in Chiropractica / Kinesiologo Applicata

Dal 1987 ho aiutato le persone a sentirsi meglio, usando terapie naturali.

Sei alla ricerca di un medico che ti ascolta?

Sei stanco della catena di montaggio dell’assistenza sanitaria?

Sei stanco di dolore e di stress?

Sei motivato a sperimentare per ottenere una salute migliore?

Ciascuna delle mie sessioni di un’ora di benessere e’ unica e composta di terapie olistiche interconnesse.  A causa del mio approccio al benessere dell’intera persona, ho aiutato pazienti con problemi a breve termine e pazienti con problemi a lungo termine.

Io offro:

Manipolazione Spinale

Manipolazione “Extremity”

Manipolazione Mandibola

Manipolazione Cranica Sacrale
Five Element Energy/Agopressione Terapia Cinese
Vascular Therapy e Terapia Linfatica
Bilanciamento Muscolare
Bilanciamento Emotivo
Riduzione dello Stress
Terapia Galvinic
Consulenza Dietetica/Nutrizionale

Manipolazione Spinale

testing rectus femoris

Io ho aiutato pazienti con problemi muscoloscheletrici:  mal di schiena, dolore al collo, sciatica, sindrome del tunnel carpale, problemi della cuffia dei rotatori, dolore al ginocchio, dolori muscolari, Mal di testa, emicrania

Ho aiutato con mal di testa, emicrania, pressione alta, affaticamento, bassa energia, difficolta’ a perdere peso, capogiro, vertigini, scarsa memoria

Io ho aiutato pazienti con problemi digestivi: stipsi, diarrea, eruttazione, gonfiore, difficolta’ con certi cibi, bruciore di stomaco

Io ho aiutato pazienti con problemi respiratori:  iper-sensibilita’ al polline, ambrosia, difficolta’ respiratorie, raffreddori frequenti, problemi del seno

Problemi immunitari come frequenti raffreddori, influenza, infezioni

Ho aiutato pazienti con problemi immunitari:  raffreddori frequenti, influenza, infezioni, crampi menstruali, vampate di calore, cicli irregolari.

© 2013-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist Talks About How Your Multi and/or Calcium Supplement May Be Causing Problems

One of the protocols I perform when I have a new patient is I look at the labels of the multiple vitamin and calcium supplements they are taking as their daily routine.

In this blog, I’ll be talking about two minerals that may be critical to your health.

One of the most common problems is the use of Calcium Carbonate in the supplement they are taking. Calcium Carbonate is an antacid which a lot of vitamin companies use because it is cheap.

The problem is that you need acid in your stomach in order to digest your food and absorb vitamins and mineral from both your diet and your supplements. Taking Calcium Carbonate stops that digestive process.

Decreasing (or completely getting rid of) the acid in your stomach means that you can’t digest and absorb not only Calcium but protein, iron, magnesium, Vitamin B12 and zinc.

So basically you are setting yourself up for osteoporosis, fatigue, muscle wasting, iron anemia, memory problems and poor wound healing to mention a few.

And because of the lack of acid, you may feel like you have heartburn and think that you have too acid and take more antacids; further compounding the problem.

calcium-carbonate-158477

The other major mineral in patient’s supplements that I’ll be talking about is iron.

Unless you are a menstruating women w a heavy flow or an extreme athlete or on an extreme starvation diet, iron supplementation may not be necessary.

Iron is present in animal protein and beans, legumes and some leafy green vegetables. And a lot of packaged foods like cereal and dairy and nut milk products have added iron.

Too much iron can accumulate in organs like the brain, the pancreas, gonads, pituitary, liver, the joints and heart and cause problems like toxic liver, arthritis, dementia, etc

Lab tests for excess iron include serum ferritin level and transferrin saturation; regular anemia testing will not show the problem.

A great way to keep your iron levels from getting too high from added iron in your food is to donate blood (and great karma).

iron-symbol

There are vitamin companies that make multi-vitamin minerals that do not have added iron; one company that I recommend and use is Metagenics. (http://www.metagenics.com )

I also recommend taking a supplement w either MCHC and Calcium Citrate for your calcium. Please check out another blog Getting Enough Calcium Into Your Bones? Ten Facts You Need to Know!
(https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/09/15/getting-enough-calcium-into-your-bones-ten-facts-you-need-to-know/)

© 2013-Dr. Vittoria Repetto
Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice; please go to http://www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials at the web site.

Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? Follow me at
https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/
Or join me at Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto