Medical Articles of Interest for June 2019

Acute Sleep Loss Increases Blood Levels of Alzheimer’s Biomarker

Insomnia Drugs: Some More Dangerous Than Others

More Elderly Americans Dying From Falls

Anticholinergic Drugs Could Account for 10% of Dementia Cases

Chemical in Toothpaste Tied to Osteoporosis in Women

Vitamin Deficiencies May Be the Only Sign of Celiac Disease

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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Medical Articles of Interest for March 2019

Diet Could Influence Immunotherapy Response Via Microbiome

Long-term HRT Tied to Greater Risk for Alzheimer Disease

Intermittent Fasting Lowers Triglycerides More Than Regular Diet

Even Later-Life Exercise Reduces Mortality

U.S. FDA Finds Asbestos in Three Claire’s Cosmetics Products, Calls for Change

Popular Spice Rivals Stimulant for ADHD

Hip Exercises May Improve Walking, Pain With Knee Arthritis

Mushrooms May Cut Cognitive Impairment Risk

Higher Soda, Sports Drinks Consumption Tied to Earlier Mortality

 

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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The Spinal Nerve / Autonomic Nerve Connection – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

For ages, doctors of chiropractor have talked about how spinal joint dysfunction or subluxations affect the not only the motor and sensory nerve flow (and blood flow) to muscles but also to glands, viscera, skin, etc.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body. In the human body there are 31 pairs of spinal nerves from the cervical (the neck) to the coccyx (tailbone).

Autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system in organisms with spines that controls and regulates the internal organs without any conscious recognition or effort by that organism. The autonomic nervous system comprises two antagonistic sets of nerves, the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.

The sympathetic nervous system can accelerate heart rate, widen bronchial passages, decrease motility of the large intestine, constrict blood vessels, increase peristalsis in the esophagus, cause pupillary dilation, piloerection (goose bumps) and perspiration (sweating), and raise blood pressure. These changes are part of the body’s fight-or-flight response.

The sympathetic system begins at the first thoracic (mid back) vertebra of the spine and are thought to extend to the second or third lumbar (low back) vertebra

The parasympathetic nervous system has almost the exact opposite effect; the parasympathetic system is responsible for stimulation of “rest-and-digest” or “feed and breed” activities that occur when the body is at rest, especially after eating, including sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination,digestion and defecation.

The parasympathetic nervous includes some of the cranial nerves that originate in parts of the brain and specifically the oculomotor nerve, the facial nerve, the glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve and three spinal nerves in the sacrum (S2 – 4).

 So how are the spinal nerve and problems in nerve flow caused by spinal joint dysfunction connected?

It’s via the nerves called ramus communicans (plural rami communicantes) – a nerve which connects two other nerves.

It’s a communicating branch between a spinal nerve and the sympathetic trunk. More specifically, it usually refers to one of the following :  the grey ramus communicans and the white ramus communicans.

The grey and white rami communicantes are responsible for conveying autonomic signals, specifically for the sympathetic nervous system. The difference in coloration is caused by differences in myelination of the nerve fibres contained within, i.e. there are more myelinated than unmyelinated fibres in the white rami communicantes while the converse is true for the grey rami communicantes.

The grey rami communicantes exist at every level of the spinal cord and are responsible for carrying postganglionic nerve fibers from the paravertebral ganglia to their destination, and for carrying those preganglionic nerve fibres which enter the paravertebral ganglia but do not synapse

The white rami communicantes exist only at the levels of the spinal cord where the intermediolateral cell column is present (T1-L2) and are responsible for carrying preganglionic nerves fibers from the spinal cord to the paravertebral ganglia.

Both ramus within the spinal nerve cross each other, being the white farther away from the intervertebral foramen when exiting the spinal nerve to enter the ganglia.

Spinal joint dysfunction or subluxation affects the outflow of neuronal and blood flow to these ganglia. Correction of the spinal joint dysfunction normalizes the outflow of nerve and blood flow and allows the autonomic system to seek homeostasis (dynamic state of equilibrium) resulting in better function and health.

The Cervical & Vagus Nerve Connection?! – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Hyoid Bone – Its Importance – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

The hyoid bone  is a horseshoe-shaped bone located in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage  . At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible or lower jaw  in the front and the third cervical vertebrae(C3) behind.

Unlike other bones, the hyoid is not attached to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.

 

 

 It is located in the front, middle of the throat between the lower jaw and the larynx, which is also called the voice box. The hyoid bone is involved in several functions of the throat, including breathing, swallowing, and talking.

A hyoid bone dislocation occurs when this bone is moved from its normal position in the throat. Common causes of hyoid bone dislocations include car accidents, strangulation, and direct trauma to the neck including surgery for thyroid problems or other anterior neck problems

Symptoms of a dislocated hyoid bone include:  pain, especially when swallowing. difficulty swallowing and talking, swelling of the neck  and severe dislocations may cause difficulty breathing. Intubation for a surgical procedure that is not positioned correctly can affect the position of the hyoid.

The historical importance of the hyoid traces back to the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens for the origin of speech. Unlike in other mammals, the human hyoid bone works together with the tongue and the larynx to produce effective speech as it is responsible for the movement of many small muscles.  So an imbalance in the position of the hyoid and the muscles attachments to the tongue, larynx and pharynx .

One other observation with the hyoid bone is that it can act as one of the body’s gyroscopes; movement of the hyoid bone can affect movement throughout the body and vice versa.  Look at the above picture and imagine the change in position of the hyoid and the cervical (neck) spine if,  for example, there was a break in the rt. clavicle..destroying muscle control of all the muscles on the right. We know of cases from martial arts that some students have problems with their  balance after being kicked in their throats .

Look again at the attachment of muscles above the hyoid and how they attach to the bottom of the jaw  or mandible ; making the hyoid and its muscles part of an examination of TMJ (jaw) problems. 

TMJ Problems (Jaw Problems) and How A Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKineticTherapy Practitioner Handles the Problem

As the TMJ is part of the skull and the the cranial bones are checked for alignment ,and we know that the stylohyoid ligament runs from the temporal lobe of the skull to the lesser cornua of the hyoid bone. 

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

 

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Addendum: July 21, 2018

New young patient who had flown it from Reno with pain on swallowing…saw my blog. and emailed me….a lot of ant neck muscles, clavicle and cranial adjustments . neck position – Full Ext Pitch and a cervical fixation/bilateral Gluteus Max weakness…I had him getting up down and drinking water in all the different neck positions that were bothering him until he got completely pain-free on swallowing in all range of motions of the neck
I usually enjoy my work but it was great fun !!

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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The Cervical & Vagus Nerve Connection?! – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

I’ve been pondering the possible connection between the Cervical nerve and the Vagus nerve.

The Vagus nerve is the tenth cranial nerve or CN X, and interfaces with parasympathetic control of the heart, lungs, and digestive tract. The Vagus nerve supplies motor parasympathetic fibers to all the organs (except the adrenal glands), from the neck down to the second segment of the transverse colon. The Vagus also controls a few skeletal muscles in the neck or cervical area. The Vagus nerves are paired; however, they are normally referred to in the singular. It is the longest nerve of the autonomic nervous system.

The first and second cervical nerves are responsible for innervation of the head, face, inner middle ear, sinuses, eyes, upper neck, auditory nerves and other areas. The cervical nerves C3-C7 bear the responsibility of innervating the neck, shoulders, thyroid, teeth, tonsils, outer ear, nose, mouth, vocal cords, and more, with some of their individual responsibilities outlined below. The fourth cervical nerve innervates the thoracic diaphragm, leading to the creation of the surgical mnemonic “Cut C4, breathe no more.”

The Vagus Nerve (also known as the “wandering nerve”) exits the upper cervical spine and descends down to the heart and the stomach and the rest of the digestive system. We know of cases where severe massage of the neck muscles affects digestion and respiration.

The Vagus nerve travels along the side of the cervical vertebrae; fibers of the cervical nerves and the vagus innervate similar neck muscles. Misalignment of the upper cervical vertebrae affects the nerves that innervate those muscles. A biofeedback can affect the Vagus.

A relatively new patient made me ponder this possible connection: he had fallen on his head 30 yrs ago. He complained of neck pain, gall bladder pain, low back pain, walking dis-ease, excessive hunger (drinks lots of veggie and fruit juices). He looked emaciated, held his head forward and his shoulders elevated. His X-rays show facet problems w C1-2 vertebra and a slipping forward of C2 on C3; he admits that he self-adjusts his neck.
On examination, found a bilateral weak psoas (a muscle involved in walking) which suggests a fixation of the occipital bone and C1 vertebrae and then also a fixation of C2 and C3.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/spinal-pain-not-being-helped-see-an-applied-kinesiologist-it-may-be-a-fixation/

I found abnormal sacral movement- a Sacral Wooble, released the erector spinal muscles, adjusted two cranial bones and  worked on acu-points for gall bladder, spleen and liver as well as lymphatic points
His neck’s range of motion is better and walking is not uncomfortable.
Gave instructions on how to track his head back without elevating his chin and told him to stop adjusting his own neck. My dietary advice was to stop juicing and eat solid veggies and more protein.
I emailed him  a youtube video on how to hold his head and another one on the dangers of self-adjustment.

That night and the next 2 days I get emails saying that though he thought I didn’t do a lot; he was not hungry and he had two really good bowel movements and his breathing and his voice is stronger. He was looking forward to his next visit.

Forward lean is a  constant problem with texting, working at a computer and just bad posture. Note that the doctor in the first video mentions that more forward lean, the more years of forward lean, the more medications the patient is on; more stress on cervical…more stress on Vagus?/…more problems w/ organ function.?!!. 

Copyright – 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Vagal Neurons: New findings in the gut-brain connection

The Spinal Nerve / Autonomic Nerve Connection – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Did Shingles Pain Cause a Shift in Body Position and Structural Pain?: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

A young patient who I hadn’t seen in a while came in complaining of rt “scalene” pain (her words for neck pain) and rt upper back pain by the shoulder blade. She thinks it may be a rib out. Visualization showed a slight “tipping” (not a winging) of the shoulder blade.

Then she mentions that she had a mild case of shingles on her rt hip and the shingles predated the neck & mid back pain .

First I found that her SCM was overworking for a weak mid scalene. The SCM was released and the clavicle was adjusted and the pect minor was released in combination with the SCM.


Second I tested her rhomboids and serratus anterior; the scapula tipping was the clue. The serratus ant was overworking for a weak rhomboid.

Third a rt gluteus maximus was overworking for a weak rt. psoas and a weak rt. gluteus medius.

A pelvic category 1 was corrected as well as rt thoracic and cervical subluxations were adjusted.

There is a theory of Anatomy Trains on how patterns of muscle,  fascia and muscle strain communicate through the myofascial ‘webbing’, contributing to postural compensation and movement stability.

An example of this is when you are reaching for something on a table, you don’t just use your hand, arm and shoulder but your whole body from your head muscles down to your foot muscle reacts to stabilize your position in space as you reach.

A major insight may be that the lateral rt. side of her body may have reacted to the pain of the shingles by moving inwards in order not to stretch the lesion area rather than moving away from it which in turn affected her structure via muscle pull and strain.

  For more information:

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

 

 

 

Looking Globally /Not Chasing Pain: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

When patients come in with a local problem such as leg  pain, the first question is where is the source of the pain; is it from the leg itself or the the low back. The other important question is what “set up” the problem. Without answering this question,the problem is not really resolved; the patient will come back with the problem again; you will be just “chasing pain*.”

The answer to the second but more important question may be in the global muscles or core stabilization muscles, these muscles are the Rectus Abdominus, the Transverus Abdominus, the Internal & External Obliques, the Quadratus Lumborum, the Erector Spinae and the Multifidus.

Recently new patient came in complaining of feeling “unbalanced on her right side” siting specifically her right leg and hip.

The lower extremities were a quick fix: a Rectus Femoris – major muscles in the front of the thigh -compensating for a weak Gluteus Maximus. Also the patella and the rotation of the femur (thigh bone) on the tibia (lower leg bone) needed to be adjusted and the Popliteus ( a muscle that rotates the tibia) released.

But during the examination, on lateral flexion of her truck, I noted that her rt shoulder was rotating. I asked her to try to not rotate her shoulder but she was unable; in fact she was unaware of doing it.

I tested her Oblique muscles and they were weak on the right side. Touching (therapy localizing) her Quadratus Lumborum strengthened her Obliques when retested. So I released the QL and the Oblique were strong.

coremuscles

 

A Category One pelvis which involves rotation was found and fixed.

Low Back Pain & Non Force Adjustments/SOT Blocking: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

When she stood back up, the rt. leg felt balanced and the rotation of her shoulder on lateral flexion was gone.

It was a great illustration of how sometimes part of the problem you have to look above the area of complaint to truly fix the problem; a local problem with a global part.

Stretches and exercises were given as homework.

In my practice, I Iisten, observe and test during the examination and use a combination of NKT, Applied Kinesiology and Chiropractic to help my patients; it’s a strong combination.

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her  ANYCpplied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

*I thank Dr Perry Nickelston for his phrase “Stop Chasing Pain.”