Low Back Pain & Non Force Adjustments/SOT Blocking: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

One of the major complaints that causes patients to seek out a doctor of chiropractic is low back pain; it can be caused by either a problem with the lumbar spine or the sacrum.

As a doctor of chiropractic who is also an applied kinesiologist, I use a technique developed by Dr. DeJarnette called Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT); so named because of the relationship between the sacrum (base of the spine) and the occiput (base of the skull).

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

The pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton. It supports the upper body right up to the skull, and enables us to transfer our weight to our legs. The sacrum is a large bone located at the terminal part of the vertebral spine, where it forms the posterior aspect of the pelvis. The spine holds our body upright, supports all of our organs and provides anchor points for our muscles. It also protects our delicate nervous system. The nervous system controls our body, and can only function normally when our structures are balanced and our pelvis, sacrum and lumbar is stable.

Dr. DeJarnette’s studied two aspects of the sacroiliac joint; the anterior synovial portion and the posterior hyaline cartilage portion. The anterior sacroiliac joint should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place. The posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weight-bearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia.

DeJarnette evaluated the weight-bearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved upward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.

DeJarnette developed an analysis which classified pelvic problems into three different categories and three different non-force techniques using SOT blocks in positions that correct the involved category.

sot-blocks

One of the major complaints that causes patients to seek out a doctor of chiropractic is low back pain; it can be caused by either a problem with the lumbar spine or the sacrum.

As a doctor of chiropractic who is also an applied kinesiologist, I use a technique developed by Dr. DeJarnette called Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT); so named because of the relationship between the sacrum (base of the spine) and the occiput (base of the skull).

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

The pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton. It supports the upper body right up to the skull, and enables us to transfer our weight to our legs. The sacrum is a large bone located at the terminal part of the vertebral spine, where it forms the posterior aspect of the pelvis. The spine holds our body upright, supports all of our organs and provides anchor points for our muscles. It also protects our delicate nervous system. The nervous system controls our body, and can only function normally when our structures are balanced and our pelvis, sacrum and lumbar is stable.

Dr. DeJarnette’s studied two aspects of the sacroiliac joint; the anterior synovial portion and the posterior hyaline cartilage portion. The anterior sacroiliac joint should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place. 

pelvic-ligaments-ant

si-movement

The posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weight-bearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia.

postsacrummuscles

DeJarnette evaluated the weight-bearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved upward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.

DeJarnette developed an analysis which classified pelvic problems into three different categories and three different non-force techniques using SOT blocks in positions that correct the involved category.

Category One is a pelvic torsion with altered sacral nutation(motion)  This lack of nutation affects the spinal and cranial meningeal and CSF systems which function to a degree like a closed kinematic chain. Therefore symptoms can be low back pain, chronic shoulder complaints, thoracic outlet syndrome, CSF stagnation, and altered vasomotor function.

Involved muscles can be the piriformis, quadratus lumborum, sacrospinalis, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus. As an applied kinesiologist, I’d check to see if they are hypotonic or hypertonic; as a neurokinetic therapist, I’d check to see if a muscle is weak (or inhibited) by another muscle compensating.

Therapy localization (TL) is done by putting 2 hands on each sacral-iliac joint and then challenging the pelvis for a structural listing and then blocks are put under the patient’s pelvis based to the findings.

The positive Tl’ed side is not adjusted. Cranials are checked.

Category Two happens when ligaments that hold the sacroiliac joint are stretched or sprained, allowing the joint surfaces to separate. Stress can aggravate this ligament weakness via adrenal hormone overdrive.

Symptoms can be low back pain, bowel complaints, possible dysfunction of the reproductive glands and the adrenals, shoulder problems and decreased cervical range of motion.

Involved muscles in addition to the ones mentioned in Category I are the sartorius, gracilis, rectus abdominals and hamstrings along with the iliolumbar ligament. These structures are tested via applied kinesiology and neurokinetic protocols mentioned above. Cranials again are checked.

Category Three occurs when the low back can no longer tolerate the physical stressors placed on it and involves both disc and nerve root aggravation. This can be a sudden one-off event such as a lift, or it can be a pre-existing weakness that is aggravated. Often Category Three produces pain in the low back and sometimes pain radiates down a leg as sciatica.

Muscles to be checked are the psoas as it attaches into the front of the lumbar vertebrae as well as the muscles involved in Category One as Category Three can be a Category One that was never corrected.

Correction in all the categories involves using blocks under the pelvis in specific directions related to the category and the subluxation/misalignment of the pelvis/sacrum. The patient’s weight and breathing help to balance the low back, sacrum and CSF flow and takes the pressure or irritation off the nerve. This allows the body to heal.

Patient is told to ice the involved areas, how to do daily activities, given stretches and exercises and advised on nutrition to help the body heal.

For more information on issues mentioned:

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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How a NYC Chiropractor /Applied Kinesiologist /NeuroKinetic Therapist Treats Sciatica

First what is sciatica; sciatica is an inflammation of the sciatic nerve, the longest nerve in your body. The sciatic nerve is formed from the Lumbar 4 (L4) to Sacral 3 (S3) segments of the spinal nerves as they exit the vertebrae at the same levels.

It provides motor innervation and sensation to part of the muscles along the lower lumbar vertebrae and the muscles of your hip and pelvis, to the muscles in your thigh esp. the hamstrings the back of your knee and lower leg and the sole of your foot.

causes-of-sciatica-pain-and-3-exercises-to-relieve-sciatica-nerve-pain

When you have sciatica, you can have pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in any of the fore mentioned areas. It can start in the low back and extend down the back of your thigh to your calf, foot, or even your toes. It’s usually on only one side of your body.

Causes of sciatica include a herniation or degeneration of a disc at the levels mentioned above, subluxation of the vertebrae associated w the sciatic nerve. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/07/17/the-subluxationspinal-joint-dysfunction/ or a narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the sciatic nerve root which is called spinal stenosis.

As a doctor of chiropractic, I would do a proper orthopedic and neurological examination to determine the level of spinal dysfunction/subluxation.

But before adjusting the vertebrae to remove the subluxation, I would test via muscle testing and palpation the muscles innervated by the involved spinal segments or attached to the spinal segments.

A case in point would be the testing of the psoas muscle as part of the muscle attaches to the anterior of the lumbar vertebrae; a weakness or a hyper tonicity of the muscle can cause rotation of the vertebrae and place tension on the sciatic nerve root. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psoas_major_muscle

The piriformis muscle is another important muscle that needs to be checked as the sciatic nerve passes under the piriformis; a spasm of this muscle can put pressure on the sciatic. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piriformis_muscle

Other muscles that may be checked are the hamstrings, the lumbar erector, the quadratus lumborum, the gluteus maximus and the gluteus mediu

I ask,  is there a dysfunction in the coordination of muscles working in patterns. Is the above mentioned psoas or piriformis inhibited by the muscles  like the gluteus maximus or the quadratus lumborum that are compensating (facilitating) for weak or inhibited muscles, for example. or vice versa. Muscle imbalance can cause misalignment of the vertebrea they attach to. 

The muscles that are found to be either weak or hyper tonic are balanced by spindle or golgi tendon work and blood flow and lymphathic drainage to the muscle is increased by working on neuro-vascular and neuro-lymphatic points.

I would also test for problems with the illiolumber ligament and the sacrotuberous ligament which help stabilize the lumbar spine and sacrum respectively.

http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/iliolumbar-ligament

http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/sacrotuberous-ligament

I also examine the pelvis as the pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton, I look to see if the patient is showing what is known in SOT technique as a Category Three pelvic problem.

Category Three occurs when the low back can no longer tolerate the physical stressors placed on it. This can be a sudden one-off event such as a lift, or it can be a pre-existing weakness that is aggravated. Category Three produces pain in the low back and sciatica. Correction involves using blocks under the pelvis in a specific direction and position. Your weight and breathing helps to gently balance the low back and take the pressure or irritation off the nerve.http://www.soto.net.au/A-patients-guide-to-the-practice-of-SOT

I also check for cranial involvement; there are cranial faults involved in low back and sciatic pain. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/cranial-sacral-therapy-in-applied-kinesiology/

The combination of all these techniques along with nutrition and specific stretches and exercises helps the patient heal faster.

 For information on specific techniques, please read:

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2011/07/29/how-a-nyc-applied-kinesiologist-uses-neurovascular-pts-for-better-physical-and-emotional-wellbeing/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2011/02/16/how-an-applied-kinesiologist-uses-neuro-lympathics-to-improve-health/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/06/the-art-and-science-of-muscle-testing-in-applied-kinesiology/

© 2015-Dr. Vittoria Repetto/ 2016 revised 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto