Disc Problems: Part 2 – Degenerative Disc Disease – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Degenerative disc disease is often thought of as part of the normal aging process, but it is more common in individuals who smoke cigarettes and who do heavy lifting or physical work. Being overweight can also put individuals at an increased risk of degenerative disc disease because the spinal column works harder to carry around excess weight and may break down sooner.

Chronic bad posture can also increase the pressure on the spinal column as well.

Degenerative disc disease may occur when an individual experiences a sudden fall and develops a herniated disc as well.

See Disc Problems: Part 1 – Disc Herniation – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains  for more information about spinal discs

A contributing factor may be due to the loss of fluids in the spinal discs due to dehydration , which reduces the disc’s ability to absorb shock or act as a cushion. Loss of fluid makes the spinal discs thinner and narrows the amount of space in between the vertebrae. It also causes inflexibility in the spine

The loss of disc height narrows the space between the vertebrae and decreases the space from which the spinal nerve exits. (see image below)

This impingement of the spinal nerve can cause pain, numbness or muscle weakness to the area innervated by that spinal nerve.

But let’s talk about an additional contributing factor in degenerative disc disease; and that is the abnormal spinal mechanics caused by what we chiropractors call a subluxation or spinal joint dysfunction.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

Spinal joint dysfunction happens when a vertebrae (or more) is not moving freely in all its possible planes.  For example, if the vertebrae is “struck” in its right posterior plane, the rest of the vertebrae compensates by abnormally increased motion in the other planes of the body. This causes increased pressure and a wearing away of the spinal disc.

What is needed is the removal of the “stuck” part or spinal joint dysfunction by a gentle re-alignment to the spine by a doctor of chiropractic such as myself.

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

As I also employ applied kinesiology and neurokinetic therapy techniques, I look for muscle imbalances by using muscle testing to determine what muscles are inhibited and what muscles are compensating (facilitating)for them.

A muscle  imbalance can aggravate the spinal j.oint dysfunction by not allowing the release of abnormal joint motion.

A correction of muscle imbalance is part of the treatment for degenerative disc disease as well as increased water intake and anti-inflammatory nutrients.

I use a table that provides flexion distraction and spinal decompression; biomechanically it can open the disc space  by 28%; allowing for a gentle release of pressure on the spinal discs.

Think you may have a disc degeneration  problem? Please give me a call at 212-431-3724 or email me at drvittoriarepett@aol.com. 

And lets talk and see if I can help you.



© 2019-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic./ NeuroKinetic Therapy practice at 230 W 13thSt., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com.

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page at my web site.

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Tingling/Numbness/Weakness in Hand/Arm But Not Carpal Tunnel or Yr Neck; A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Do you have tingling or numbness in your hand that goes beyond your first three fingers?  Do you have weakness in your forearm, arm or shoulder despite your weight training routine?

It’s not carpal tunnel since it involves more than the fist three fingers. And you have no history of neck problems, all orthopedic tests and X-rays/MRI of the neck are negative.

You might have an entrapment syndrome of the brachial plexus nerves or subclavian artery/vein to the before mentioned structures.

This entrapment syndrome called Thoracic Outlet Syndrome is caused by three major conditions; Anterior Scalene Syndrome, Costoclavicular Syndrome and Pectoralis Minor Syndrome as well as some minor causes.


In the first condition called Anterior Scalene Syndrome, the brachial plexus nerves arising from C5, C6, C7, C8 & T1 nerve roots is trapped between the anterior and middle scalene muscles which may be in spasm or compensating for inhibited neck muscles.

This can be assessed by palpating for a decrease in strength of the radial pulse at the wrist. The patient is asked to ipsilaterally rotate, contralaterally laterally flex, and extend his neck at the spinal joints, while the radial pulse is palpated; this called Adson’s Test. Decrease in strength of the radial pulse is positive for the syndrome.

Treatment consists of using spindle work on the bellies of the scalene muscles or golgi tendons of the scalene attachments and of balancing the other neck muscles which can be either inhibited or compensating.

In the second condition Costoclavicular Syndrome, the brachial plexus and subclavian artery and vein run between the first rib and clavicle in the medial pectoral region. If the posture of the relationship of the clavicle and first rib changes and they approximate each other as often happens with rounded and slumped shoulders and impingement may occur.

This can be assessed by palpating for a decrease in strength of the radial pulse at the wrist when the patient is asked to stick his chest out and pull the shoulder girdle back and down similar to the military posture of attention. Again, weakening of the strength of the radial pulse would be considered to be a positive sign. This is called Eden’s test.

Treatment consists of checking muscles such as the SCM and the subclavius that attach to the area, improving the patient’s posture and checking muscles that resist this bad postural pattern such as the rhomboids and the middle trapezius.

In the third condition Pectoralis Minor Syndrome, a tight pectoralis minor muscle compresses the brachial plexus and/or subclavian vessels against the rib cage. The assessment is to bring the patient’s arm up and back. This position called Wright’s Test stretches and pulls the pectoralis minor taut against the rib cage

Treatment consists of checking for either an inhibited or facilitated pectoralis minor, or other muscles that can be inhibiting or compensating such as the serratus anterior, latissimus dorsi or the lower trapezius.

Other minor conditions such as  when both the medial and ulnar nerve getting entrapped by a spastic muscle such as the pronator or by a misalignment of the radius and ulna bone can happen and need to be ruled out.

forearm muscles

For additional information, please check out:  https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/20/a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-starts-adding-neuro-kinetic-therapy-to-the-mix/




© 2015-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

© Revised 2016 – Dr Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 


Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto