Muscle Balancing in Applied Kinesiology

As a Doctor of Chiropractic, I know that muscle balancing is an important not only for spinal adjustments but also for extremity (arms & legs) adjustments and cranial adjustments.

 For example, I can adjust someone’s spine but if the pull of the muscle on one side of the spine is tighter than the other side than that spinal adjustment will not hold.

 Now most people think that it’s the tight muscle that will pull the spine out of alignment but it just as often can be the weak muscle not having enough strength to hold the spine towards its side.

 Also I may be treating a patient who has chronic muscle pain or weakness due to an injury; in these cases, muscle balance is very important.

 In Applied Kinesiology, we have ways to strengthen or weaken a muscle depending on what we need to do to help the patient.

 First we test the muscle that we think may be involved in an unbalanced pull on the bone (or spine) or involved w/ the pain or injury https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/06/the-art-and-science-of-muscle-testing-in-applied-kinesiology/

testing rectus femoris

 For example, we may find the latissimus dorsi muscle weak that is a muscle that internally rotates, extends and adducts (movement towards from the body) the arm/ shoulder. It also attacts into the lumbar and sacral vertebra and part of the pelvic crest The weakness may seen either as a higher shoulder on the weak side or a rotation of the lumbar veretebrae.http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/meded/grossanatomy/dissector/mml/lat.htm

The questions to be asked are: why is the muscle weak? Is the muscle on the other side hypertonic  or “too stronger.”

 One of the ways to find the answer is to use muscle spindle work. Muscle spindles are small sensory neuro-bundles in the middle of muscles that react to stretching. http://sports.jrank.org/pages/9926/muscle-spindle.html  Stretch a muscle spindle one way and the muscle will strengthen; push the fibers of the muscle spindle the other way and the muscle will weaken.

 So I would be testing the spindles by challenging the muscle spindles and seeing how it affects the strength or hypertonicity of the muscle.

 I can also use another tool at an Applied Kinesiologist’s fingertips which are golgi tendon organs and as the name suggests, these are located in the tendons of muscles (tendons attach the muscle to the bones.). http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Golgi+tendon+organ. Again stretching the tendon organ will help strengthen the muscle and the other way will weaken it. And these would be tested in a similar manner to the muscle spindles.

 © 2010-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com.
And please check out the Patient Testimonials at my web site.
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The Musculoskeletal Aspects of Asthma

Like most of you, I’ve been watching the Olympics and as I watched, I remembered a previous Summer Olympics and watching the start of the Women’s Marathon. I noticed something in the body language of one of the front runners and said to my friends, “That runner has asthma; look at her neck.”  My friends chuckled and then the announcer talking about the runner I pointed out said that she suffered from asthma.

“How did you know?’ asked my surprised friends. Her SCM (sternocleidomastoid) muscle http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sternocleidomastoid_muscle was very pronounced. Instead of using her primary muscles of inspiration, her diaphragm, the external intercostals and the sternocostalis; she was using an accessory one.  http://skeletalmuscularsystem.suite101.com/article.cfm/muscles_of_inspiration It was causing her rib cage to be higher in position on her torso and more barrel shaped: a classic visual for asthma patients

In  my Applied Kinesiology practice, I see a number of patients with breathing problems. To a person they all have problems using their diaphragm muscle properly, they use small muscles higher up in the chest and shoulders creating  a “barrel-shaped” chest. And many have problems w/ their intercostal muscles and the up of down movement of the ribs; their rib joints don’t move properly therefore not allowing the movement of the chest.

Tightness and/or weakness is also found in the Pectoralis major & minor, SCM, the Anterior & Middle Scalenes and the Serratus anterior as well as other accessory muscles, they tested to find out if they are inhibited or compensating. The Psoas muscle is also tested as the upper end of the muscle blends into the diaphragm.

breathing muscles

With applied kinesiology, I can use golgi tendon and muscle spindle reflexes to re-set the muscles and use neuro-lymphatic & neuro-vascular points to flush toxics out of the muscles. I restest the inhibited/weak muscles to get a neural lock in the brain’s muscle center.

I use neuro-lymphatic & neuro- vascular pts to help lymph and blood flow to the diaphragm and also give the patient breathing exercises to strengthen the diaphragm.

I also stimulate acu-points for the lung meridian and it’s brother/sister pair- the large intestine meridian which may indicate that the patient needs probiotics.

The cervical & thoracic spine are checked for subluxations/somatic dysfunction as the nerves from these areas  innervate the before mentioned muscles and the lung and are adjusted as needed.  The articulations of the rib joints to both the vertebrae and the sternum are also important to check.

Once the above is done, the patient is given breathing exercises to do daily in order to strengthen the formerly weak muscles

Working on all these aspects causes the bio-mechanics of the chest to work better and breathing is freed up.

Of course causes of both bronchial and lung and general inflammation need to be found and worked on via nutrition and lifestyle changes; but that is another blog.

Self-taught Breathing Retraining Helps Asthma Patients

©  2010-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

©  Revised 2015/2017 -Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic practice at 230 W. 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials at my web site.

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