Disc Problems: Part 1 – Disc Herniation – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Before we begin to talk about herniations; we need to talk about the structure and function of an intervertebral disc.

An intervertebral disc lies between adjacent vertebrae in the vertebral column. There are 23 discs in the human spine: 6 in the neck (cervical) region, 12 in the middle back (thoracic) region, and 5 in the lower back (lumbar) region. Each disc forms a fibrocartilaginous joint ( symphysis), it allows slight movement of the vertebrae, acts as a ligament to hold the vertebrae together, and functions as a shock absorber for the spine. 

Intervertebral discs consist of an outer fibrous ring, the annulus fibrosus  which surrounds an inner gel-like center, the nucleus pulposus. The annulus fibrosus consists of several layers  of tough fibrocartilage that can withstand compressive forces.  The nucleus of the disc acts as a shock absorber…think of it as a gliding ball moving in reaction to the movement of the vertebrae. For example as the spine flexes (bends forward) , the nucleus pulposus moves to the back or posterior of the disc absorbing the impact of the body’s activities and keeping the two vertebrae separated.

 

And as the spine extends , the gliding nucleus moves forward; bend sideways, the gel moves to the opposite side. You get the idea.

However what happens if the spine is “struck in a relatively immobile or restricted  position? That means that the nucleus pulposus is constantly in one location pushing up against the annulus fibers; and between the pressure from the nucleus and the increase of compressive forces from the abnormal spinal movement, the annulus fibers start to weaken. This allow part of the nucleus to protrude (and the fibers ) into either the spinal canal or up against a spinal nerve. This is called herniation or a bulging disc.

 

A spinal disc herniation  can happen during a trauma or a result of chronic abnormal spinal mechanics combined w/ poor posture.  Both the deformed annulus and the gel-like material of the nucleus pulposus can be forced laterally, or posterior, distorting local muscle function, and putting pressure on the nearby nerve. This can give the symptoms typical of nerve root entrapment. These symptoms can vary between parasthaesia (tingling), numbness, chronic or acute pain, either locally or along the area of the body served by the entrapped nerve (dermatome) and loss of muscle tone. 

The two most common areas of herniation are the cervical (neck) vertebrae and the lumbar (low back) vertebrae.  Please see below blogs for more information about problems with these regions.

Cervical Radiculitis – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains What It Is & How She Treats It

How a NYC Chiropractor /Applied Kinesiologist /NeuroKinetic Therapist Treats Sciatica

 There are varying degrees of herniation; sometimes there is rupture of the annulus fibers and some of the nucleus pulposus escapes into the spinal canal and the area of the spinal cord. This is called a noncontained extrusion, which sometimes requires a surgical correction.

The degree of herniation requires visualization via MRI. However abnormal findings on MRI do not necessary relate to degree of symptoms; in fact, a number of MRI’s done on asymptomatic volunteers showed various herniations.

A proper examination with orthopedic and neurological testing will show at what spinal nerve level does the pain originates from. Muscle testing will show if an imbalance of muscle pull is affecting the spine and the patient’s posture.

The Importance of a Proper Chiropractic Examination – A NYC Chiropractor’s/Applied Kinesiologist’s Take

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

I use a table that provides flexion distraction and spinal decompression; biomechanically it can open the disc space  by 28%; allowing for a gentle reversal of the herniation. This table and SOT non-force adjustments produce rapid improvement.

Low Back Pain & Non Force Adjustments/SOT Blocking: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

As the patient improves, symptoms such as pain or numbness will decrease, orthopedic and neurological tests will go from positive to negative and the muscles will test strong and balanced.

Think you may have a herniation problem? Please give me a call at 212-431-3724 or email me at drvittoriarepett@aol.com. 

And lets talk and see if I can help you.

 

 

© 2019-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic./ NeuroKinetic Therapy practice at 230 W 13thSt., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com.

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page at my web site.

Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? Follow me at https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/
Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

 

 

 

The Spinal Nerve / Autonomic Nerve Connection – A NYC Chiropractor/ Applied Kinesiologist / NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

For ages, doctors of chiropractor have talked about how spinal joint dysfunction or subluxations affect the not only the motor and sensory nerve flow (and blood flow) to muscles but also to glands, viscera, skin, etc.

The Subluxation/Spinal Joint Dysfunction

A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body. In the human body there are 31 pairs of spinal nerves from the cervical (the neck) to the coccyx (tailbone).

Autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system in organisms with spines that controls and regulates the internal organs without any conscious recognition or effort by that organism. The autonomic nervous system comprises two antagonistic sets of nerves, the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.

The sympathetic nervous system can accelerate heart rate, widen bronchial passages, decrease motility of the large intestine, constrict blood vessels, increase peristalsis in the esophagus, cause pupillary dilation, piloerection (goose bumps) and perspiration (sweating), and raise blood pressure. These changes are part of the body’s fight-or-flight response.

The sympathetic system begins at the first thoracic (mid back) vertebra of the spine and are thought to extend to the second or third lumbar (low back) vertebra

The parasympathetic nervous system has almost the exact opposite effect; the parasympathetic system is responsible for stimulation of “rest-and-digest” or “feed and breed” activities that occur when the body is at rest, especially after eating, including sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination,digestion and defecation.

The parasympathetic nervous includes some of the cranial nerves that originate in parts of the brain and specifically the oculomotor nerve, the facial nerve, the glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve and three spinal nerves in the sacrum (S2 – 4).

 So how are the spinal nerve and problems in nerve flow caused by spinal joint dysfunction connected?

It’s via the nerves called ramus communicans (plural rami communicantes) – a nerve which connects two other nerves.

It’s a communicating branch between a spinal nerve and the sympathetic trunk. More specifically, it usually refers to one of the following :  the grey ramus communicans and the white ramus communicans.

The grey and white rami communicantes are responsible for conveying autonomic signals, specifically for the sympathetic nervous system. The difference in coloration is caused by differences in myelination of the nerve fibres contained within, i.e. there are more myelinated than unmyelinated fibres in the white rami communicantes while the converse is true for the grey rami communicantes.

The grey rami communicantes exist at every level of the spinal cord and are responsible for carrying postganglionic nerve fibers from the paravertebral ganglia to their destination, and for carrying those preganglionic nerve fibres which enter the paravertebral ganglia but do not synapse

The white rami communicantes exist only at the levels of the spinal cord where the intermediolateral cell column is present (T1-L2) and are responsible for carrying preganglionic nerves fibers from the spinal cord to the paravertebral ganglia.

Both ramus within the spinal nerve cross each other, being the white farther away from the intervertebral foramen when exiting the spinal nerve to enter the ganglia.

Spinal joint dysfunction or subluxation affects the outflow of neuronal and blood flow to these ganglia. Correction of the spinal joint dysfunction normalizes the outflow of nerve and blood flow and allows the autonomic system to seek homeostasis (dynamic state of equilibrium) resulting in better function and health.

The Cervical & Vagus Nerve Connection?! – A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

Copyright – 2018-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

Medical Articles Of Interest for February 2017

Eggs, High Dietary Cholesterol Not Linked to Increased Risk for Dementia, Alzheimer’s

Dr Repetto’s comment: Egg yolks contain choline, a supplement important for brain health.

Matching the Right Diet to the Right Patient

Sitting Less Linked to Lower Risk of Diabetes

DHA Supplements Linked to Less Progression to Alzheimer’s in APOE4 Carriers

More Support for Gut-Brain Link in Autism

Mediterranean Diet With Olive Oil Boosted HDL Function: PREDIMED

Dietary Protein – From Any Source – May Help Muscle Health

Vitamin D May Protect Against Respiratory Infections

Studies Suggest Cardiovascular Sweet Spot at Two Drinks per Day

Sports Hernias, Adductor Injuries, and Hip Problems Are Linked

 

Low Back Pain & Non Force Adjustments/SOT Blocking: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

One of the major complaints that causes patients to seek out a doctor of chiropractic is low back pain; it can be caused by either a problem with the lumbar spine or the sacrum.

As a doctor of chiropractic who is also an applied kinesiologist, I use a technique developed by Dr. DeJarnette called Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT); so named because of the relationship between the sacrum (base of the spine) and the occiput (base of the skull).

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

The pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton. It supports the upper body right up to the skull, and enables us to transfer our weight to our legs. The sacrum is a large bone located at the terminal part of the vertebral spine, where it forms the posterior aspect of the pelvis. The spine holds our body upright, supports all of our organs and provides anchor points for our muscles. It also protects our delicate nervous system. The nervous system controls our body, and can only function normally when our structures are balanced and our pelvis, sacrum and lumbar is stable.

Dr. DeJarnette’s studied two aspects of the sacroiliac joint; the anterior synovial portion and the posterior hyaline cartilage portion. The anterior sacroiliac joint should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place. The posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weight-bearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia.

DeJarnette evaluated the weight-bearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved upward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.

DeJarnette developed an analysis which classified pelvic problems into three different categories and three different non-force techniques using SOT blocks in positions that correct the involved category.

sot-blocks

One of the major complaints that causes patients to seek out a doctor of chiropractic is low back pain; it can be caused by either a problem with the lumbar spine or the sacrum.

As a doctor of chiropractic who is also an applied kinesiologist, I use a technique developed by Dr. DeJarnette called Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT); so named because of the relationship between the sacrum (base of the spine) and the occiput (base of the skull).

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

Dr. DeJarnette’s studied two aspects of the sacroiliac joint; the anterior synovial portion and the posterior hyaline cartilage portion. The anterior sacroiliac joint should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place. 

pelvic-ligaments-ant

si-movement

The posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weight-bearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia.

postsacrummuscles

DeJarnette evaluated the weight-bearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved upward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.

DeJarnette developed an analysis which classified pelvic problems into three different categories and three different non-force techniques using SOT blocks in positions that correct the involved category.

Category One is a pelvic torsion with altered sacral nutation(motion)  This lack of nutation affects the spinal and cranial meningeal and CSF systems which function to a degree like a closed kinematic chain. Therefore symptoms can be low back pain, chronic shoulder complaints, thoracic outlet syndrome, CSF stagnation, and altered vasomotor function.

Involved muscles can be the piriformis, quadratus lumborum, sacrospinalis, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus. As an applied kinesiologist, I’d check to see if they are hypotonic or hypertonic; as a neurokinetic therapist, I’d check to see if a muscle is weak (or inhibited) by another muscle compensating.

Therapy localization (TL) is done by putting 2 hands on each sacral-iliac joint and then challenging the pelvis for a structural listing and then blocks are put under the patient’s pelvis based to the findings.

The positive Tl’ed side is not adjusted. Cranials are checked.

Category Two happens when ligaments that hold the sacroiliac joint are stretched or sprained, allowing the joint surfaces to separate. Stress can aggravate this ligament weakness via adrenal hormone overdrive.

Symptoms can be low back pain, bowel complaints, possible dysfunction of the reproductive glands and the adrenals, shoulder problems and decreased cervical range of motion.

Involved muscles in addition to the ones mentioned in Category I are the sartorius, gracilis, rectus abdominals and hamstrings along with the iliolumbar ligament. These structures are tested via applied kinesiology and neurokinetic protocols mentioned above. Cranials again are checked.

Category Three occurs when the low back can no longer tolerate the physical stressors placed on it and involves both disc and nerve root aggravation. This can be a sudden one-off event such as a lift, or it can be a pre-existing weakness that is aggravated. Often Category Three produces pain in the low back and sometimes pain radiates down a leg as sciatica.

Muscles to be checked are the psoas as it attaches into the front of the lumbar vertebrae as well as the muscles involved in Category One as Category Three can be a Category One that was never corrected.

Correction in all the categories involves using blocks under the pelvis in specific directions related to the category and the subluxation/misalignment of the pelvis/sacrum. The patient’s weight and breathing help to balance the low back, sacrum and CSF flow and takes the pressure or irritation off the nerve. This allows the body to heal.

Patient is told to ice the involved areas, how to do daily activities, given stretches and exercises and advised on nutrition to help the body heal.

For more information on issues mentioned:

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

© 2017-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

A NYC Chiropractor & Applied Kinesiologist & NeuroKinetic Therapist Moves Her Practice to 230 W. 13th Street

As of Saturday Feb 4th, Dr. Vittoria Repetto will be seeing patients at 230 W 13th Street #1B ( between 7th Ave & Horatio St).  NY 10011 in the West Village

Our phone number will still be 212-431-3724.

Office hours will be Tuesday & Saturday 2pm – 8pm

Ring bell A and wait.

Take door on the right. Walk down one floor.230w13th-street

For those who know the West Village, this is the same block as Integral Yoga and the LGBT Center.

The 1,2,3, A, C, E, F, L & M  subway lines are near by as are the M14A, M14D, M20 & M7 bus lines.

Dr Repetto will no longer be working at 455 W 23th Street.

The name of the Facebook page London Terrace Chiropractic & Applied Kinesiology will be changed to West Village Chiropractic & Applied Kinesiology on Feb 1st

The new site does have a flexion-distraction table which allows  Dr Repetto to open up and relax her patient’s spine more esp great for those  w/ disc or spinal stenosis problems .

Twitter page @DrVRepetto

Anterolateral Lower Leg Pain &/or Foot Drop – Peroneal Nerve Entrapment – A NYC Chiropractor /Applied Kinesiologist /NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

Occasionally a patient comes in with pain along the anterior lateral part of their lower leg and they may also have difficulty lifting the top of their foot upward at the ankle (dorsiflexion) or moving the foot outward at the ankle (eversion). This also affects the patient’s gait (ability to walk properly)

movements-of-foot

They may have been told that their problem is sciatica since branches of the sciatic nerve goes all way down the leg and into the toes. They may have been to a physical therapist or another chiropractor who worked on the low back where the sciatic nerve originates without any relief.

How a NYC Chiropractor /Applied Kinesiologist /NeuroKinetic Therapist Treats Sciatica

But the problem is the peroneal nerve which branches off the sciatic just below the knee; it goes from the common peroneal nerve which starts at the lateral back of the knee near the inner side of the biceps femoris  (part of the hamstings), goes to the back of the fibula bone and then branches off to the superficial peroneal nerve and the deep peroneal nerve.

The deep peroneal nerve innervates the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg which are: tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, and the peroneus tertius. Together these muscles are responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot and extension of the toes.

The superficial peroneal nerve passes between the peroneus muscles and the extensor digitorum longus, and goes into the deep fascia at the lower third of the leg; it supplies the muscles of the lateral compartment of the lower leg : peroneus longus and peroneus brevis. These assist with eversion and plantar flexion of the foot.

The deep peroneal nerve passes inferior and medially, deep to extensor digitorum longus,  and comes into relation with the anterior tibial artery above the middle of the leg; it then descends with the artery to the front of the ankle-joint, where it divides into a lateral and a medial branch. The deep peroneal nerve innervates the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg which are: tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, and the peroneus tertius. These muscles are responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot and extension of the toes.

superficial-and-deep-peroneal-nerve-and-muscles

Spasms of muscles along the route of these nerves can cause nerve entrapment and result in loss of muscle function or pain along the route of the nerves. As muscle attaches to bones and joints, spasms can cause misalignments of these structures and this can further complicate the problem.

Sometimes the muscle spasms are complicating for a muscle that is inhibited somewhere along the lateral or posterior kinetic chain such as the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, the hamstrings and the rectus femoris or the psoas which overwork in order to to lift the leg to clear the dropped foot during walking. Neurokinetic therapy works well answering this question and correcting the problem.

As a applied kinesiologist and neurokinetic therapist I will either place my finger or hand on specific areas and then retests the muscle to see if the weakness is corrected. This is called therapy localization.

If the therapy localization is positive and the area involved is a joint or a muscle, I can move the area in a way to stimulate neuro/mechano receptors in the joint or muscle. This is called a “challenge’ and shows the direction of manipulation needed to improve function of the joint or muscle.

As a chiropractor, I would not only adjust the involved joints but check to see if the change in gait muscles has affected the spine and adjust affected level.

Stretches are given to the previously complicating muscles and exercises given to the previously inhibited muscles in order to break the pattern that caused the problem.

For  more information, please read:

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

 

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto

 

Info on Gastro-Intestinal Seminar I Attended

These days between people with celiac disease, those affected by antibiotic overuse and those affected by GMO products, artificial sweeteners,  high fructose corn syrup, and pesticides, a lot of patients have compromised gut function with digestive disorders including malabsorption.

Last week I attended a mini-seminar by Metagenics about the research on their newest product UltraGI Replenish.

UltraGI Replenish represents an unprecedented level of product development and research at Metagenics to deliver a unique combination of ingredients for a truly forward-thinking approach to supporting the specific needs of patients challenged by compromised gut function with digestive disorders including malabsorption.
Key Formula Components & Benefits
• Proprietary prebiotic blend, including PreBiome 2’-FL™ to nourish beneficial microorganisms and isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOs), to promote intestinal mucosal health and nourish beneficial microorganisms
• Advanced, clinically tested Sustamine® L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine dipeptide designed for enhanced absorption to support intestinal health
• 15 g of OptiProtein™ per serving—12 g of pea/rice protein blend and 3 g of added essential amino acids to address potential increased needs due to digestive issues and malabsorption
• 20+ essential nutrients for targeted GI support, including:
° Vitamin B12 and folate forms designed to address potential malabsorption issues
° 100% RDI of vitamin D3, the most absorbable form
of vitamin D available
° Antioxidant nutrients (e.g., vitamins C and E) to protect against oxidative stress
° 80% RDI of zinc to support GI lining integrity
• 17 g total carbohydrates, including 7 g of fiber and 4 g of sugars
• Fat blend, including medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), flaxseed (containing omega-3), and high oleic sunflower oil
• Non-GMO, gluten free, and soy free to complement a modified elimination diet and help reduce digestive discomfort.

ultragi_replenish_chocolate_1531592a1_64oz_rt

Of course this product is followed up with administration of Ultra Flora probiotics.

Probiotics can vary significantly in potency, efficacy, and safety, which can result in inconsistent health benefits. Many products fall short due to various reasons, including not identifying the probiotic strain that is linked to specific health benefits. Additionally, some products have also been found to contain specific contaminants (gluten, mold, yeast, and potentially harmful bacteria), which can cause negative reactions and deleterious health effects in susceptible individuals.

Through extensive and rigorous quality controltesting,  UltraFlora guarantees the highest quality of purity (free of contaminants), potency, and scientifically formulated probiotic formulas that contain genetically identified strains with established health benefits for clinically reliable outcomes .

Ensuring Purity, Reliability, and Quality
Certificate of Analysis required from all suppliers
Testing for contaminants, purity, and genetic strain ID upon receipt of raw materials
Testing for total viable count using scientifically validated methodology
Strains have been shown to resist acid, bile and pancreatin digestion allowing survival through the digestive tract for colonization
To help maintain probiotic viability through expiration, water exposure is limited:
Testing for low water activity during manufacture
Controlled humidity and temperature during production, packaging & storage to limit exposure to water in air
Testing for stability under storage conditions, including refrigeration, ambient, and high heat temperatures
Guaranteed potency/CFUs (Colony Forming Units) through date of expiration:
Manufactured, stored, and transported under refrigeration to ensure live and healthy probiotics

For more information on Metagenics, please read Nutritional Supplements: Why Metagenics ?

If you would like to try these products, please go to http://www.drvittoriarepetto.metagenics.com

or 

https://drvittoriarepetto.metagenics.com/ultragi-replenish

Please click on Create a New Account on the top right side of the page, and use Practitioner Code DrVittoriaRepetto.

The advantage of this online store is :

20% off all first-time orders 

10% off all Recurring Orders

Once you have create an account, you click on upper right hand side Log In for future purchases .

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

https://www.facebook.com/wvillagechiropracticappliedkinesiologynkt/

Or join me at Twitter: www.twitter.com/DrVRepetto