Low Back Pain & Non Force Adjustments/SOT Blocking: A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Explains

One of the major complaints that causes patients to seek out a doctor of chiropractic is low back pain; it can be caused by either a problem with the lumbar spine or the sacrum.

As a doctor of chiropractic who is also an applied kinesiologist, I use a technique developed by Dr. DeJarnette called Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT); so named because of the relationship between the sacrum (base of the spine) and the occiput (base of the skull).

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

The pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton. It supports the upper body right up to the skull, and enables us to transfer our weight to our legs. The sacrum is a large bone located at the terminal part of the vertebral spine, where it forms the posterior aspect of the pelvis. The spine holds our body upright, supports all of our organs and provides anchor points for our muscles. It also protects our delicate nervous system. The nervous system controls our body, and can only function normally when our structures are balanced and our pelvis, sacrum and lumbar is stable.

Dr. DeJarnette’s studied two aspects of the sacroiliac joint; the anterior synovial portion and the posterior hyaline cartilage portion. The anterior sacroiliac joint should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place. The posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weight-bearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia.

DeJarnette evaluated the weight-bearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved upward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.

DeJarnette developed an analysis which classified pelvic problems into three different categories and three different non-force techniques using SOT blocks in positions that correct the involved category.

sot-blocks

One of the major complaints that causes patients to seek out a doctor of chiropractic is low back pain; it can be caused by either a problem with the lumbar spine or the sacrum.

As a doctor of chiropractic who is also an applied kinesiologist, I use a technique developed by Dr. DeJarnette called Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT); so named because of the relationship between the sacrum (base of the spine) and the occiput (base of the skull).

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

The pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton. It supports the upper body right up to the skull, and enables us to transfer our weight to our legs. The sacrum is a large bone located at the terminal part of the vertebral spine, where it forms the posterior aspect of the pelvis. The spine holds our body upright, supports all of our organs and provides anchor points for our muscles. It also protects our delicate nervous system. The nervous system controls our body, and can only function normally when our structures are balanced and our pelvis, sacrum and lumbar is stable.

Dr. DeJarnette’s studied two aspects of the sacroiliac joint; the anterior synovial portion and the posterior hyaline cartilage portion. The anterior sacroiliac joint should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place. 

pelvic-ligaments-ant

 

si-movement

The posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weight-bearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia.

postsacrummuscles

DeJarnette evaluated the weight-bearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved upward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.

DeJarnette developed an analysis which classified pelvic problems into three different categories and three different non-force techniques using SOT blocks in positions that correct the involved category.

Category One is a pelvic torsion with altered sacral nutation(motion)  This lack of nutation affects the spinal and cranial meningeal and CSF systems which function to a degree like a closed kinematic chain. Therefore symptoms can be low back pain, chronic shoulder complaints, thoracic outlet syndrome, CSF stagnation, and altered vasomotor function.

Involved muscles can be the piriformis, quadratus lumborum, sacrospinalis, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus. As an applied kinesiologist, I’d check to see if they are hypotonic or hypertonic; as a neurokinetic therapist, I’d check to see if a muscle is weak (or inhibited) by another muscle compensating.

Therapy localization (TL) is done by putting 2 hands on each sacral-iliac joint and then challenging the pelvis for a structural listing and then blocks are put under the patient’s pelvis based to the findings.

The positive Tl’ed side is not adjusted. Cranials are checked.

Category Two happens when ligaments that hold the sacroiliac joint are stretched or sprained, allowing the joint surfaces to separate. Stress can aggravate this ligament weakness via adrenal hormone overdrive.

Symptoms can be low back pain, bowel complaints, possible dysfunction of the reproductive glands and the adrenals, shoulder problems and decreased cervical range of motion.

Involved muscles in addition to the ones mentioned in Category I are the sartorius, gracilis rectus abdominals and hamstrings along with the iliolumbar ligament. These structures are tested via applied kinesiology and neurokinetic protocols mentioned above. Cranials again are checked.

Category Three occurs when the low back can no longer tolerate the physical stressors placed on it and involves both disc and nerve root aggravation. This can be a sudden one-off event such as a lift, or it can be a pre-existing weakness that is aggravated. Often Category Three produces pain in the low back and sometimes pain radiates down a leg as sciatica.

Muscles to be checked are the psoas as it attaches into the front of the lumbar vertebrae as well as the muscles involved in Category One as Category Three can be a Category One that was never corrected.

Correction in all the categories involves using blocks under the pelvis in specific directions related to the category and the subluxation/misalignment of the pelvis/sacrum. The patient’s weight and breathing help to balance the low back, sacrum and CSF flow and takes the pressure or irritation off the nerve. This allows the body to heal.

Patient is told to ice the involved areas, how to do daily activities, given stretches and exercises and advised on nutrition to help the body heal.

For more information on issues mentioned:

Cranial Sacral Therapy in Applied Kinesiology

How a Combination of Applied Kinesiology, NeuroKinetic Therapy and Chiropractic Works

The Use of Applied Kinesiology in a Chiropractic Examination

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go towww.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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Why Is My Neck Problem Causing Low Back or Leg Pain? A NYC Chiropractor / Applied Kinesiologist / NKT Practitioner Explains the Lovett Brother Effect on the Spine.

It is not unusual to have a patient come in my office with neck pain also complaining of low back or leg pain that starts with or soon after the onset of the neck pain. Or vice versa: neck pain or headaches or jaw problems after the onset of low back pain.

A lot of doctors don’t think that there is a relationship. But since they came on around the same time they probably are related. The major thing that could connect them is the meninges; three membranes covering the brain, spinal cord and housing the cerebrospinal fluid. If injured it could affect nerves throughout the spine.

spinal-anatomy-e1409590019734

A good illustration of how an injury can affect different levels is to hold the upper part of an elastic band with your hand and then hold the bottom of the band with your other hand. Then twist your upper part of the band; note how the bottom of the elastic band also twists. Now imagine how the meninges surrounding a spinal nerve as it comes off the spinal cord can affect the structures innervated by that spinal nerve.

This explains why if there is a rotation in Cervical 1 there will always be a rotation in Lumbar 5, its ‘Lovett Partner’. With all the listings they can work both ways. For example, a dysfunction at L5 can cause a C1 dysfunction and a C1 dysfunction can cause an L5.

Here’s a helpful illustration: lovatt-brother-relationship

These relationships are looked at by Applied Kinesiologists and NKT Practitioner.

Another possible relationship is one of spinal fixations; please check out this blog for more information: https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/spinal-pain-not-being-helped-see-an-applied-kinesiologist-it-may-be-a-fixation/

So if you are having unexplained pain in different areas, please consider being examined by someone familiar with the above principles.

 

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist Adds NeuroKinetic Therapist to Her Skill List

 

On Friday, March 18th I took the exam for certification in Level 1 NeuroKinetic Therapy and passed w/ flying colors. I now can call myself a NeuroKinetic Therapist.

As you know with Applied Kinesiology, I test for the function of individual muscles. For example, we may find the latissimus dorsi muscle weak; that is a muscle that internally rotates, extends and adducts the arm/ shoulder. It also attracts into the lumbar and sacral vertebra and part of the pelvic crest. The weakness may seen either as a higher shoulder on the weak side or a rotation of the lumbar vertebrae. The questions to be asked are: why is the muscle weak? Is the muscle on the other side hypertonic or “too stronger.” 

lat dorsi

Is there a problem with the spinal innervation?,  asks the chiropractor in me.

Is there a problem with the alignment of the joints that the muscles cross? Is there a problem with the vascular or lymphatic drainage of that muscle?

Now I will be adding the question, Is there a dysfunction in the coordination of muscles working in patterns. Is the above mentioned latissimus dorsi inhibited by the muscles that attach to the shoulder like the upper or middle trapezius or the levator scapulae  or is it compensating (facilitating) for weak or inhibited muscles like the gluteus maximus or the quadratus lumborum say involved in low back pain, for example. 

NeuroKinetic Therapy works with that concept that movement is performed in systems or patterns. The human brain has an affinity toward habits.

For example when we sit down , we use a variety of muscles to both lower ourselves,  to keep the upper body straight and to control our balance.  An injury to one of the muscles involved in sitting down can cause a patient to favor a compensating muscle and not use the injured muscle which in time becomes inhibited and the compensating muscle becomes a facilitated muscle which does not allow the inhibited muscle to switch back on.

nkt-logo

NKT identifies muscle imbalances by using muscle testing to determine what muscles are inhibited and what muscles are compensating (facilitating) for them.

I would test the muscles  involved in the problematic movement.  After an inhibited/weak muscle is found, I would muscle test a synergistic (a helper muscle) or an antagonist muscle (an opposing muscle which is strong/facilitated that may be affecting the inhibited muscle. That facilitated muscle would be therapy localized (the muscle is either touched or put in motion) and the inhibited muscle retested. If the TL strengthens the inhibited muscle, then I know that the TLed muscle is affecting the inhibited muscle.

And I can use AK techniques to release the TLed muscle. The inhibited muscle is then retested which should test strong now, the retesting causes a “neural lock” which reprograms the motor control center in the brain.

Stretches are given to the previously facilitated muscles and exercises given to the previously inhibited muscles.

For more detailed information, please click on the following blogs:

http://neurokinetictherapy.com/what-is-neurokinetic-therapy

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/06/21/muscle-balancing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2010/05/06/the-art-and-science-of-muscle-testing-in-applied-kinesiology/

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2014/08/09/the-use-of-applied-kinesiology-in-a-chiropractic-examination/.

https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/20/a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-starts-adding-neuro-kinetic-therapy-to-the-mix/

 

© 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

 

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist Posts a Case History Using both AK & Neuro-Kinetics

As you may know, I’m working on perfecting my recent knowledge of a technique called neuro kinetics and incorporating it into my chiropractic and applied kinesiology practice.      https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/01/taking-neuro-kinetic-therapy-seminar-sept-12nd-13th/  https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2015/09/20/a-nyc-chiropractorapplied-kinesiologist-starts-adding-neuro-kinetic-therapy-to-the-mix/

What applied kinesiology and neuro kinetics have in common is muscle testing and therapy localization. 

In the latter therapy localization (TL), the patient will either place their hand or finger on specific points, a vertebrae or another muscle and the doctor retests the previous weak or inhibited muscle to see if the weakness is corrected. https://drvittoriarepetto.wordpress.com/2014/08/09/the-use-of-applied-kinesiology-in-a-chiropractic-examination/.

In neuro kinetics, the patient either touches a muscle or actively contracts the strong muscle that may be compensating for a inhibited muscle or set of muscles.

Female 50’s 1 wk ago sat in a small chair that only supported her “rt. cheek” resulting in lt. low back pain. Tested bilateral psoas/ tensor fasciae latae (TFL) /transverse abdominal (TVA)/ rectus abdominal (RA) /quadratus lumborum (QL)/hamstring/gluteus max….weak (W) or inhibited bilateral QL/ lt. glut max….patient therapy localizies rt. hamstring…..bilateral QL/lt. gluteus maximus now test strong …rt hamstring was facilitating muscle …… treat rt hamstring w/ spindle/golgi tendon work( an AK technique)…retest lt glut max/bilateral QL for “neural lock” which sends a message to the brain to start activating the previous inhibited muscle.

I then use chiropractic/applied kinesiology technique to correct the following: patient had a category 1 pelvis- patient’s torso is torquing opposite the upper body, (http://www.chiroaccess.com/Articles/Chiropractic-Technique-Summary–Sacro-Occipital-Technique-SOT.aspx?id=00002910) and  irritation of lt illiolumber ligament which connects 5th lumbar and pelvis , and irritation of lt sacro-tuberous ligament which connects bottom of sacrum to lower pelvis, adjust the torque of the 4th lumbar. Two cranial sutures were adjusted that go along with a category 1 pelvis.

Exercises for QL &  gluteus max are given.

© 2015-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

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A NYC Chiropractor/Applied Kinesiologist/NeuroKinetic Therapist Talks About Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a common finding in the spines of older patients. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal.

spinal stenosis

This can develop as you age from drying out and shrinking of the disc spaces. (80% of the discs are made up of water)  Or it can be caused by scarring from chronic inflammation of the nerve roots as they exit from the spinal foramina next to the spinal canal You can feel pain anywhere along your back or leg that the nerve root supplies.

Walking more than a block can cause great leg and back pain in a stenosis patient; pain is relieved by forward bending or sitting

Spinal stenosis may be in the neck, mid-back or low back

Spinal stenosis can be treated conservatively; surgery is not always necessary or successful and over medication with pain killers can cause side effects from stomach pain, heart failure, stroke and more joint breakdown.

There is a technique founded and taught by chiropractors called Cox Technic which uses a table that provides Flexion distraction and spinal decompression and is considered spinal manipulation

Cox Technic biomechanically opens the spinal canal area by 28% and drops intradiscal pressures to as low as -192mmHg , both desired outcomes when dealing with spinal stenosis which narrows the spinal canal space.

In my office, the Cox technique is combined w other non-force techniques such as pelvic blocking (SOT) and applied kinesiology techinques such as balancing muscles that support the spine and pelvis such as the psoas, piriformis, gluteus maximus, erector muscles and abdominal muscles  and treating the lymphatic and vascular points that supply those muscles. 

I also use neurokinetic therapy (NKT) which works with the concept that movement is performed in systems or patterns.  NKT identifies muscle imbalances by using muscle testing to determine what muscles are inhibited and what muscles are compensating (facilitating) for them.

After balance is restored to the muscles, the vertebrae involved with those muscles are adjusted.

Stretches are given to the previously facilitated muscles and exercises given to the previously inhibited muscles in order to break the pattern that caused the problem.

Please see: How a NYC Chiropractor /Applied Kinesiologist /NeuroKinetic Therapist Treats Sciatica 

http://neurokinetictherapy.com/what-is-neurokinetic-therapy

I use nutrition to decrease the chronic spinal inflammation of the discs and nerves which that increases pain relief.

While spinal stenosis may not be cured due to the degenerative nature of the problem, the painful effect on the patient’s life can be controlled.

Spinal stenosis patients are often happy with  relief of the pain that allows them to take a walk or sit for a meal comfortably with their family and other daily activities. Being able to participate in the activities of daily living and family life without the use of prescription drugs with dangerous side effects is often the desired effect of any treatment for spinal stenosis.

Monthly maintenance visits are highly recommended to keep the patient pain free.

Here at Dr. Vittoria Repetto’s practice, we have the table and skills to help you with your spinal stenosis; please give us a call at 212-431-3724 to set up an appointment or just to ask questions.

Chou R et al: Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 2009; 34 (10)

Gudavalli MR, Cox JM, Baker JA, Cramer GD, Patwardhan AG: Intervertebral Disc Pressure Changes During a Chiropractic Procedure. Abstract from the Proceedings of the Bioengineering Conference, Phoenix

A Non-Surgical Approach to the Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study BMC Musculoskelet Disord © 2006 Donald R Murphy; Eric L Hurwitz; Amy A Gregory; Ronald Clary http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/528906

http://www.coxtechnic.com/patients/spinal-stenosis-pain-relief-with-cox-technic

© 2012/ revised 2015/ 2016-Dr. Vittoria Repetto

Want more information on Dr. Vittoria Repetto and her NYC Applied Kinesiology/Chiropractic/ NKT practice at 230 W 13th St., NYC 10011; please go to www.drvittoriarepetto.com

And please check out the Patient Testimonials page on my web site.

 Want to be in the know on holistic information and postings? 

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